Vulvar cancer is a very rare type of cancer and it grows slowly over years. Vulvar cancer is the cancer of vulva, which is an external part of female genitals. This type of cancer mostly occurs in the clitoris. The doctor will examine the type of cancer the patient is suffering from by taking a biopsy. There are four types of vulvar cancer namely: squamous cell carcinoma, vulval melanoma, adenocarcinoma and basal cell carcinoma. The first type i.e. squamous carcinoma is the most common type which develops over years. In every 9 out of 10 vulvar cancer patients, this is the most common type. Vulval melanoma is less common than squamous and accounts for only 4 out of 100 vulvar cancer patients. Adenocarcinoma type of cancer usually forms from glands in vulvar skin. The cancer which usually grows from skin cells i.e. basal cells is known as basal cell carcinoma.

Identification of vulvar cancer can be done through blood tests, biopsy or through imaging studies. Blood tests are used to check WBC and RBC levels, to look for tumor makers and other chemicals that might be present in the blood. Biopsy is done by taking a small tissue from vulva and is the best way of diagnosing cancer.

This cancer needs to be surgically treated at first. Treatment of vulvar cancer has been flourishing and now researchers are trying to discover if less strong treatments will work just like extreme treatment alternatives. Chemotherapy can be one of the treatments of cancer which is done by use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. Radiotherapy is another method for treating cancer by using high energy x-rays to destroy cancer cells. Surgery is the most important treatment for removing cancer cells. Sometimes, when the tumor cannot be completely removed, it is surgically by-passed in order to relieve the symptoms. The treatment options for vulvar cancer is carried out depending upon the stage of the cancer whether its stage I, II, III or IV.

Summary: If someone is having a family history of vulvar cancer should regularly go for screening. If the person gets diagnosed with such cancer, the doctor will pay full attention and will try to resolve any query the patient has so that the patient doesn’t lose hope because this disease can be treated.