People today go through great extents to shield themselves from the sun – they travel in air-conditioned vehicles, cover their home windows and even use sunscreen lotion while stepping out. But are they aware that an adequate amount of sunshine is extremely essential for healthy and disease free living? Vitamin D is commonly known as the Sunshine Vitamin and the human skin is capable enough to produce the vitamin when it is exposed to the ultra-violet rays of the sun. It can be said that there is no need to spend your hard earned money on purchasing vitamin D supplements

What happens when Vitamin D is deficient in Human body?

In today’s world, Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent amongst all age groups and a study shows that over 50% of the world population is at risk. Its deficiency can cause bone related diseases. In children Vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets, an abnormal metabolic bone disorder. Depression, weakened immune system, muscle and bone pain, fatigue, mood swings and irregular sleep are some common symptoms that can trigger due to Vitamin D deficiency.

In women, renal problems also occur due to this. However in the long run, this deficiency leads to osteoporosis, which results in weak and brittle bones. Calcium balance in the bone goes down as the vitamin stimulates its proportion in the body. This disease is more prevalent in women than men, as women’s bodies go through more traumas due to childbirth, menopause, and are more prone to deficiencies. Since one of the functions of Vitamin D is to stimulate insulin secretion, a lack of it is a cause for diabetes.

Vitamin D has been linked with other health problems such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and other auto immune disorders. Higher chances of heart attack and hyper tension prevail in Vitamin D deficient patients. Some studies show that Vitamin D is also associated with weight loss.

How can the D deficiency be diagnosed?

A simple blood test known as 25 (OH)D or 25 hydroxy vitamin D can be conducted. 50 ng/ml is normal, but the desirable level is 75 ng/ml and above. Below 25 ng/ml is deficient.

Some common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency

Every deficiency and disease reflects itself on the physical body with some signs and symptoms that could easily be perceived by medical practitioners as well as common man (in some cases) and same goes for Vitamin D deficiency. Some of the common signs and symptoms that people can notice while there is a lack of vitamin D in their body are:-

  • Diarrhoea and constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Joint pain
  • High blood pressure
  • Weight gain
  • Interrupted sleep
  • Headaches
  • Lack of concentration
  • Weakness and muscle pain
  • Fragile bones and cartilages
  • Urinary bladder related problems

Diseases associated with Vitamin D deficiency