Vaginal Malignant diseases are either primary Vaginal Cancers or metastatic cancers starting from nearby or distant organs. Primary vaginal cancers are known to arise only from the vagina, with no association of the external cervical proximally or the vulva distally. The significance of this description lies in the various clinical approaches to the treatment of upper and lower vaginal cancer.

Vaginal cancer is a very uncommon kind of cancer of the female reproductive system. Vaginal cancer starts when common cells in the vagina modify and grow uncontrollably, creating a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be benign  or malignant. If a woman discovers any of the signs or symptoms of vaginal cancer, she must consult a doctor. If the PAP test results in abnormal cells, or  the pelvic exam results are not normal, additional tests will be required. This may imply appointment to a gynecologist.

Vaginal cancer forms in the vaginal tissue of women. Vaginal cancer does not generally cause any visible symptoms in the early stages. As the infection progresses, vaginal cancer symptoms starts to appear. These symptoms are not restricted to vaginal cancer; in fact, they might be symptoms of other, less serious conditions as well.

Because the 5-year survival time of early treatment is considerably higher than that of vaginal cancer in the advanced stages, timely detection is the key to improving treatment result. To improve outcomes of primary vaginal carcinoma, some referred oncology centers should see additional cases per month in order to carry out proper randomized, prospective studies. This would add to the skill of any of these centers in treating primary vaginal carcinoma.

Doctors are working to gain more knowledge regarding vaginal cancer, ways to prevent it, how to treat it in the best way, and how to offer the best care to people diagnosed with this disease. Researchers are working to gain more knowledge about the relation between HPV and vaginal cancer. Advances are being made in surgery and radiation treatment to increase cure rates and decrease treatment side effects. This comprise of vaginal reconstructive surgery following advanced surgical treatment for the cancer.

Medical trials are in progress to discover better ways of reducing symptoms and side effects of existing vaginal cancer treatments in order to improve patients’ quality of life. Researchers continue to examine new drugs and new combinations of existing treatments for vaginal cancer, such as combining chemotherapy with radiation treatment.