Vaginal cancer is very rare kind of cancer and can often be cured if diagnosed in early stages. Vaginal cancers are of two types:

Squamous cell carcinoma:

It is a cancer that forms in the squamous cells, the lean, flat cells lining the vagina. Squamous cell vaginal cancer spreads slowly and generally stays close to the vagina, but may extend to the lungs and liver. This is the most frequent kind of vaginal cancer. It is diagnosed most often in women aged 60 or older.

Melanoma:

Melanoma is a further type of skin cancer that generally originates on skin exposed to the sun, but it can also start on the skin of the vagina or other internal organs. Melanoma is often found as a dark-colored tumor on the lower or external parts of the vagina.

Adenocarcinoma:

It is a cancer that commences in glandular cells of the vagina which create and discharge fluids such as mucus. Adenocarcinoma is more likely to reach to the lungs and lymph nodes. It is diagnosed most often in women aged 30 or younger.

Cure of vaginal cancer depends on the kind of cancer, and how far the infection has spread. Surgical treatment is occasionally used to remove the cancer, but majority of the patients are treated with radiation. If the tumor is a cervical cancer that has spread to the vagina, then both radiation and chemotherapy are given. Sarcoma botryoides may be treated with a grouping of chemotherapy, surgical treatment, and radiation.

Various types of treatments are offered for patients with vaginal cancer. Most familiar treatment of vaginal cancer is surgery. The following surgical treatments may be used:

  • Laser surgery
  • Wide local excision
  • Vaginectomy
  • Total hysterectomy
  • Lymphadenectomy
  • Pelvic exenteration

Skin grafting

may follow surgery, to restore or restructure the vagina. Skin grafting is a surgical process in which skin is moved from one part of the body to another. A portion of healthy skin is taken from a part of the body that is generally unseen, like the buttock or thigh, and used to patch up or restructure the part treated with surgery.

Radiation therapy is also a treatment for cancer that uses high-energy x-rays or other kind of radiation to destroy cancer cells or keep them from increasing. Additional treatment options comprise of chemotherapy and radio sensitizers.

Vaginal Cancer – Causes, Risks And Symptoms