Urethral Cancer originates from the urethra. Cancer in this area is infrequent, and the most ordinary kind is papillary transitional cell carcinoma. Urethral cancer is an uncommon kind of cancer affecting male or female urethra and comprises just about 1 to 2 percent of all urological tumors. This cancer is the only urological cancer that affects women more often than men. So far, the number of people diagnosed with this disease every year has remained steady. Even though some people with urethral cancer do not experience any symptoms, most of the people do. It can crop up at any age, but the frequency is highest in patients who are in their 60’s.

Diverse kinds of urethral cancer build up within different kinds of cells and in different parts of the urethra.

  • The urethra is lined with transitional cells near the urethral opening in women
  • Transitional cells line the upper part and squamous cells line the urethra at the base of and inside the penis in men.

In women, urethral cancer often spreads to:

  • labia
  • vagina
  • bladder neck

In men, the state may extend to the tissues of the:

  • penis
  • perineum
  • prostate gland
  • ligament that surrounds the urethra
  • the regional lymph nodes
  • Penile and scrotal skin.

Treatment alternatives for cancer of the urethra are either local or systemic. Local treatments eliminate, obliterate, or control the tumor cells in one definite area. Surgical procedure and radiation treatment are local treatment options. Systemic treatments are used to wipe out or manage tumor cells all through the intact body. Chemotherapy is a complete treatment. A patient may have just one treatment or a blend of treatments.

The present advice relating to urethral cancer characteristically involves both operation and radiation. In majority cases, surgical operation is the recommended. Nevertheless, depending on the position and dimension of the cancerous tumor, this is not always the finest alternative. Once urethral cancer has spreads to other parts of the body, chemotherapy may be suggested as a third treatment choice.

The majority of cases of urethral cancer are found in adults over the age of 50 and within this age bracket, women are at a higher risk to have this disease especially Caucasian women. So, if you are a Caucasian woman over 50, you are at a higher risk of having urethral cancer than most other people.