Cancer is one of the most feared diseases in the world. In U.S. there are a large number of people suffering from different types of cancer. There are more than 100 various types of cancer depending on the organ it affects, its spread and the size and shape of tumor. Some of the most common types of cancers are as listed below. 

Prostate Cancer

It is one of the most common types of cancer in men, especially older men. It affects tissues of the prostate. Prostate gland is a part of male reproductive system and is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

Breast Cancer

It develops in breast tissues. It affects ducts carrying milk and glands making milk. Gland making milk is known as lobules. It may occur in both men and women but it is more common in women and is rare in men.

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is cancer of cervix. Cervical cancer is the one of the most common type of cancer in women. Cervix is part of a female reproductive system. It is the lower, narrow part of uterus or womb, which opens in the top most part of vagina. Cervical cancer starts from cells on the surface of the cervix. Surface of cervix contains two types of cells squamous and columnar. Most of the cervical cancers are developed in squamous cells.

Blood Cancer

Cancer developing in blood forming tissues is known as blood cancer. It may affect red blood cells, bone marrow or lymph and may enter the bloodstream. Two most common types of blood cancers are Leukemia and Lymphoma.

Kidney or Renal Cancer

Renal cancer develops in tissues of the kidneys. Kidney cancer may be either renal cell carcinoma or renal pelvis carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma forms in the lining of very small tubes in the kidney responsible for filtration of the blood and removal of waste products. Renal pelvis carcinoma develops in the center of the kidney or at place of urine collection.

Colon

Cancer

In colon cancer, cancerous cells are formed in colon, which is the longest part of the large intestine. Most colon cancers develop in cells responsible for making and releasing mucus and other fluids.

Lung Cancer

Development of cancerous cells in lungs is known as lung cancer. It normally affects cells, lining air passages. The two main types of lung cancer are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer.

Bladder Cancer

Cancer that forms in tissues of the bladder is known as bladder cancer. Most of the bladder cancers are carcinomas or cancer starting in cells of the inner lining of the bladder. Other types, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are cancers affecting the inner lining of the bladder.

Skin Cancer

Cancer affecting the skin of the patient is known as skin cancer. Most common type of skin cancer is non-melanoma skin cancer. Skin cancers are developed due to exposure to the UV rays of the sun. Some common types of skin cancers are Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, Melanoma, Merkel Cell Carcinoma and non-melanoma skin cancer.

Bone Cancer

It is one of rare types of cancers. It can occur into people of any age but primarily in children and teens. There are several types of bone cancer depending on its spread and growth of tumor.

Brain Cancer

Malignant brain tumors can lead to brain cancer. They normally do not spread outside brain, but other types of cancer may spread up to the brain. There are several types of brain cancer.

Thyroid Cancer

It is formed in the thyroid gland. Thyroid gland secrets thyroxin hormone, which helps in controlling heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. There are four main types of thyroid cancer known as papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer.

Pancreatic Cancer

In pancreatic cancer malignant or cancerous cells are found in the tissues of the pancreas. It is also known as exocrine cancer.