Treatment of Type I Diabetes involves a wide range of things starting from insulin injections to diet, exercise and other lifestyle changes. Though there is no cure for Type I Diabetes, it is possible to maintain blood sugar levels within a healthy range. If a patient maintains normal blood glucose levels, through proper management techniques, he/she can lead a very normal and otherwise healthy life.

As with all health conditions, it’s vital that a diabetic patient take the time to investigate, study and learn all they can about the disease and its proper management. With knowledge, there is power and only the diabetic themselves has the power to manage their diabetes. This disease, unlike so many others, takes more than medicine for better health. It takes a proper diet, exercise and consistent monitoring of blood sugar levels as well as the prevention of other diabetic complications all become part of the daily life that is their personal diabetic management plan.

Let’s take a look at the treatment plans for Type I Diabetes more closely:

Insulin Injections

: Patients of Type I Diabetes require lifetime insulin injections in order to maintain blood sugar levels within an acceptable range. Insulin should only be taken when and how it is prescribed by a doctor. Insulin lowers blood sugar by forcing sugars from the bloodstream and enter the cells. Insulin is injected under the skin and comes in a variety of types such as Rapid Acting, Long Acting as well as Intermediate options. Depending on your Diabetes, your doctor may prescribe any one of those types or a combination of types.

Insulin Pump:

An insulin pump is placed just under the skin and delivers insulin at the times required. The pump cuts down the need for manual injections. Your doctor will determine whether a pump is right for you.

Diet:  

It’s very important for the diabetic and their family members to have a full understanding of the biological functions within the body of the diabetic. Put simply, your diet and ingested foods and snacks have a direct impact on your blood sugar levels.

Exercise

: Regular exercise also helps in managing Diabetes Type I. Aerobic exercise may improve the body’s response to insulin. Exercise also helps to other body functions and reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and heart attack.  It is difficult to control blood sugar levels in diabetic patients through exercise alone, it is an important component to your diabetic management plan.  Diabetics undergoing physical exertion or exercise must understand that they need to consistently monitor blood sugar levels during such activities as it may lead to a dramatic drop in sugar levels.

Patients of Type I Diabetes should carry snacks, water and glucose tablets with them when they exercise in order to safely raise their blood sugar levels should it drop below acceptable levels. Checking blood sugar levels before, during and after physical activity is wise and when needed an extra snack prior to exercise is advised when sugars are either too low or it is expected that the exercise will drastically lower sugar levels. Exercise, when done properly, will help to maintain a healthy body weight, keep blood lipids and blood pressure under control as well as keep heart, lungs and blood vessels healthy.

Regular Monitoring of Blood Sugar Levels

: Regular monitoring of blood sugar level helps in the management of Type I Diabetes. Through regular checking, a patient will have a clear understanding of why they might find a high sugar level and through that understanding they can adjust their diet or lifestyle to avoid such sugar spikes in the future.  Using a device called a glucometer, the diabetic is able to test their blood sugar levels within just seconds.  The glucometer is available from several different manufacturers , each with their own features and pricing. In using the glucometer, a patient can use it to check their body’s response to foods, exercise, medications, illness, alcohol, stress as well as for hormonal changes in female Type I Diabetics.

Preventing Diabetic Complications:  

Again, knowledge is power. It is within the power of the Type I Diabetic to learn all they can of their disease and have a clear understanding of the complications they face.  Gaining knowledge will help you know how to deal with the causes, symptoms and treatment of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). They also need to have a clear understanding of the Diabetes diet, insulin injections and how to monitor their blood sugar.

Diabetes may damage the blood vessels and nerves. Some patients may have small sores or breaks in the skin or some may have deeper skin sores or ulcers. To prevent diabetic complications patients should not smoke, should avoid alcohol, and follow their diabetes management plan. Some patients may need medications or treatment for preventing or treatinging other health complications such as eye disease, kidney disease, and other common conditions in patients of diabetes. Proper foot care, eye care and skin care also helps in avoiding certain health complications.