Many methods are used for treatment of Lymphoma. Treatment plan for Lymphoma mainly depends upon the type of Lymphoma and the extent it has spread in the patient’s body. Lymphoma is mainly of two types Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. Both of these Lymphomas can be of various types. Both the Lymphomas together may comprise around thirty types of Lymphoma. Doctors decide the appropriate treatment method after determining the type and spread of Lymphoma through different diagnostic methods such as X-ray, MRI, CT scan, and other methods such as bone marrow test or PET scan.

Doctors generally use chemotherapy and radiation therapy to treat non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. They may even use a combination of both the therapies based on condition of the patient. On, the other hand Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, which has more than twenty types, is generally treated with Chemotherapy. Doctors may use other methods as well if needed. The most common methods for treatment of lymphoma are Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Biological Therapy, and Stem cell or bone marrow transplant.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is widely used for treatment of both types of Lymphoma. Lymphoma cells develop in lymph nodes and spread through whole lymphatic system, thus they are capable of affecting other parts of body as well. Use of Chemotherapy prevents further damage by lymphoma cells. Chemo drugs are used to kill and prevent lymphoma cells from dividing further. Chemotherapy can be given to patient through pills or IV infusions. Chemotherapy may cause temporary side effects such as hair loss, poor appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, or mouth and lip sores. It could also reduce healthy blood cells count. It may result into infections, easy bruising or bleeding. Doctors may readjust dosages to prevent this condition.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is used to kill cancer cells in patients of Lymphoma. Over exposure to radiation may increase risk of developing other kinds of cancer in future. Doctors may use radiation in moderation as per requirement. It could also lead to some short term as well as long term side effects, depending on the amount of radiation used.

Biologic Therapy

In this method of treatment to boost or restore the body’s natural defences system, some substance, which are made in body or laboratory for this purpose are used. By redirecting body’s own defence or immune system, it is possible stop division of cancerous cells in specific cases of Lymphoma.

Stem Cell or Bone Marrow Transplant

Stem cell transplant or bone marrow transplant is also used for treatment of Lymphoma. It replaces bone marrow, which has been destroyed in the process of other treatment methods. Patients own stem cells saved before treatment may be used for transplant. This process is known as autologous transplant. Stem cells donated by someone else are also used for transplant and this process is called allogeneic transplant.  Stem cells donated by identical twins are also used for transplant, known as syngeneic transplant.

Prevention of Lymphoma

The cause of Lymphoma is not known yet, but some risk factors have been identified. People may avoid risk factors like smoking but, family history or age cannot be avoided. Patients may go for routine check-ups to avoid risk of this disease or for early diagnosis of this disease.

Causes and Risk Factors of Lymphoma