Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) is a state when the person has blood glucose levels that are higher than normal, but below the level of diabetes. It is a pre-diabetic state of Dysglycemia. Impaired Glucose Tolerance occurs when there is impaired secretion of insulin or a reduction in insulin sensitivity (insulin resistance) in the body. Impaired Glucose Tolerance can easily lead to Type II Diabetes. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services approximately 1-in-4 Americans over the age of 20 has pre-diabetes.

Once you have been diagnosed with IGT, there are a number of ways to control your IGT and delay or prevent the progression to diabetes, they include (but are not limited to):

Increased Physical Activity

Studies show that a modest amount of exercise, performed consistently, can assist in stopping the progression of IGT to Type II Diabetes. By simply walking briskly for a thirty minute time period, five times a week can help to prevent – or at the very least, delay – the onset of Type II Diabetes and can help to reverse IGT. While the increased physical activity can contribute to a modest weight loss, it can also cause the body to utilize ingested glucose better and reverse IGT.

Altering Your Diet

Changing your eating patterns to a low fat, low calorie diet creates a significant change within your body. Because of the risk factors is obesity and a body mass index of 25 or more, your diet and exercise program will work together to assist you in reversing IGT as well as prevent the onset of Type II Diabetes. It’s important to understand how your body metabolizes what foods are eaten, when they are eaten and in what amounts. We highly recommend working with a dietician and/or a nutritionist trained in pre-diabetes and diabetes. A recent study shows that by decreasing caloric intake by 450 calories a day, and fat intake by 7% a person weighting 200lbs can decrease their body weight by 5-7% or a little over 10lbs. In doing so, they can decrease the risk of developing Type II Diabetes by a full 58 percent.

Medications

If diet and exercise are not doing enough to bring your blood glucose levels back within normal / healthy ranges, your doctor may prescribe oral medications. These medicines will help to decrease the amount of sugars produced within the liver and increases the body’s reaction to the insulin produced within the pancreas.

It’s important to work with your health care professional to manage your IGT so that you can prevent it from progressing into Type II Diabetes. Remember, there is no cure for Diabetes, so an ounce of prevention on your part will help you live a long and healthy life.