Gestational Diabetes is defined as high sugar level or glucose intolerance during pregnancy. Generally, the sugar levels return to normal after the child is born. High sugar levels during pregnancy can result in complications and may pose harm to the unborn child. Patients who have suffered from gestational diabetes in an earlier pregnancy are more likely to develop it again with subsequent pregnancies. Patients with gestational diabetes can have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies if they stick to a proper treatment plan. It’s imperative to have blood sugar tests conducted during any subsequent pregnancy, if a patient had Gestational Diabetes in an earlier pregnancy.

Due to an increased level of certain hormones in the placenta during pregnancy, the bodies reaction to insulin action can be affected. These hormones will attempt to prevent low blood sugar so that the fetus is provided with enough energy. Thus hindering the actions of insulin and in doing so, creates Gestational Diabetes. Children born to patients of Gestational Diabetes may develop obesity, abnormal glucose tolerance and diabetes later in life. Patients who had Gestational Diabetes also have higher risk of developing Type II Diabetes later. A proper treatment plan helps to avoid pregnancy complications and other risks associated with Gestational Diabetes.

Keeping Record of Blood Sugar

Patients should go for frequent testing of blood sugar through their doctor and also with the use of glucose monitoring devices at home. It helps to maintain the blood sugar level in healthy limits and also help to know the response of body to different things including diet, exercise, medicine and other related things.

Losing Weight

Obese patients are at higher risk of developing Gestational Diabetes. Losing some extra pounds prior to pregnancy may help in keeping blood glucose levels in the normal range during pregnancy. One of the best ways to both lose weight pre-pregnancy is with a low Glycemic diet and regular exercise. If you are thinking of becoming pregnant and are concerned about Gestational Diabetes, speak to your doctor and follow his or her recommendations.


Healthy Diet

Consuming complex carbohydrates – instead of simple carbohydrates – helps in maintaining healthy sugar levels during pregnancy. Patients with Gestational Diabetes should include fruits, vegetables and whole grains in their diet. These foods are high in nutrition and fiber and low in fat and calories. Limiting highly refined carbohydrates and sweets is another measure to curb high sugar level during pregnancy. It is better to consult a nutritionist, dietitian or a diabetes educator for meal and diet planning, it’s important that patients with Gestational Diabetes eat correctly, not only to keep the diabetes under control – but for the health and welfare of the unborn child.  Diet plans are based on current weight, pregnancy weight gain goals, blood sugar level, exercise habits, food preferences and budget. Your consultant will gladly help you find the right diet plan for you.


Regular physical activity has an important role in keeping a woman well before, during and after pregnancy. It helps to lower the blood sugar levels by using calories to provide energy. It stimulates body to move glucose into the cells, which in turn, uses it for energy. It also helps to improve the cells response to insulin. Regular exercise, geared toward both your gestational diabetes and pregnancy will help to alleviate common pregnancy problems such as: back pain, muscle cramps, swelling, constipation and disturbed sleep. Exercise during all pregnancies is a great benefit, too, when it comes to labor and the delivery of your precious bundle.  It should be noted that any exercise program should be designed specifically for pregnant woman, consult your doctor first. Exercise should be both regular and moderate in nature.

Keeping Records

Keeping daily records of diet, physical activity, and glucose level helps to fight Gestational Diabetes in a better way. Be sure to bring your daily journal with you to all prenatal visits. This journal will help your medical professional to devise, and revise when necessary, the proper treatment plan.


Some patients may need medicines to assist in controlling their Gestational Diabetes. Approximately 10-20% of women with gestational diabetes need injectable insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. The remaining patients may be prescribed with oral blood sugar controlling medication if they cannot control the Gestational Diabetes through diet and exercise alone.

Close Monitoring of Baby

In order to prepare for both a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby, your medical professional will keep a close tab on both you and your unborn child. By monitoring the baby during gestation, the doctors will be keeping tabs on the babies development and is not suffering any adverse effects from the high blood sugar levels in the mothers blood. This monitoring will also help to rule out any pregnancy complications as well as determine if the expected birth weight of the baby would prevent a natural delivery. With high birth rates, it’s common that the child be born through a scheduled C-section.

Breast-feeding Baby

Research is shown that patients who suffer from Gestational Diabetes can help to avoid the development of Type II Diabetes through breast-feeding.  Breast-Feeding allows a unique and immediate bond between mother and infant.  The colostrum (or initial breast milk) is full of nutrition and antibodies – this ‘liquid gold’ helps to properly feed and protect your infant from illness. Breast-feeding is beneficial to the mother in that it helps in shedding post-pregnancy weight. Breast-feeding also helps the child born to a mother with Gestational Diabetes to avoid obesity and Type II Diabetes later in life.