Renal cell cancer is one of the most common forms of kidney cancer in adults today. Due to the number of people diagnosed with renal cancer many organizations have come-up with special help cells for patients and a lot of research is being conducted to understand the disease better and to find better treatment to enable people to resume a normal life after proper diagnosis. Types of renal cancer can be classified based on the cell structure when observed under a microscope. The main types of renal cancer include clear cell, papillary, chromophobe, oncocytic and collecting duct.  These have been classified based on their appearance under the microscope. One or more of these cell cancer types may occur at a time. All these types may also occur in another form called the sarcomatoid type and this type of cell cancer proves  difficult to treat than the non-sarcomatoid type.

Renal cell cancer involves many ways and the standard treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, biologic and targeted therapy. There are also many more treatments currently under clinical trial. Surgery may be used to remove the kidney partially or wholly depending upon the area affected and if both the kidneys are to be removed then the patient has to undergo dialysis. When a surgery to remove the tumor is not possible a procedure to shrink the tumor may also be performed. Some patients have to undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy to ensure that all the cancer cells are eliminated. Radiation therapy uses high energy radiation to kill or hinder growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy involves killing of cancer cells using drugs. Biologic therapy involves strengthening of immune systems and enabling them to fight the cancer cells. Targeted therapy involves attack on targeted cancer cells and medication on the affected body parts.

Diagnosis of renal cell cancer becomes extremely asymptomatic nature and has many a times been discovered when imaging is performed for unrelated problems.  The very step involves careful study of all the symptoms and a detailed evaluation of past health records for weighing the risks involved. The most reliable diagnostic tools for detecting renal cell cancer are ultrasound, CT scan and MRI of kidneys.

Renal cell cancer affects a large number of adults and due to its asymptomatic nature becomes very difficult at an early stage. The diagnostics and treatment are well established and clinical trials are currently underway to determine new ways of fighting the cancer.