Roughly speaking only one out of twenty nodules is cancerous. The most ordinary kinds of Thyroid cancer are known as papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma. Hürthle cell carcinoma is a sub category of follicular carcinoma. All these types of thyroid cancer are separate tumors. There are several other kinds of thyroid cancer, for instance

  • Medullary thyroid carcinoma
  • Anaplastic carcinoma
  • Thyroid lymphoma

All these cancer types are listed below:

  • Papillary thyroid cancer:

    develops from the follicular cells and is the most ordinary kind of thyroid cancer.

  • Follicular thyroid cancer:

    develops from the follicular cells and generally develops gradually.

  • Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC):

    originates in the C cells of the thyroid gland and can frequently be controlled if it is diagnosed and treated before it multiplies to other body parts.

  • Thyroid Lymphoma:

    cancer of the lymphatic system

  • Thyroid Sarcoma:

    cancer of the thyroid supporting cells.

Timely attention to signs and symptoms is the finest way to spot most thyroid cancers before time. To make a diagnosis of thyroid cancer, the doctor checks complete medical record, reviews probable factors, other health troubles, performs physical tests, and other tests including blood samples. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is used for detecting the presence of thyroid cancer. This test frequently discloses whether any cancerous cells are there in the thyroid gland. Additional testing may be suggested if the outcomes of the FNAC are open to doubt, or if more information is vital to make your treatment more efficient.

Treatment options for people with thyroid cancer are :

  • Surgery:

    surgical procedure includes elimination of the tumor and neighboring tissues during an operation. It is one of the main treatment options for most people diagnosed with thyroid cancers.

  • Thyroid hormone treatment:

    Patients who are treated for papillary, follicular, and medullary thyroid cancers by operation necessitate thyroid hormone treatment. In addition to replacing the hormone that is required by the body, the thyroid hormone prescription will retard the enlargement of any residual differentiated tumor cells.

  • Radioactive iodine therapy:

    A small test dosage is given before full treatment; to be sure that the cancer cells will take up the I-131.

  • Chemotherapy:

    Chemotherapy is the use of medicines (drugs) to destroy cancer cells and is occasionally used to treat thyroid cancer. Systemic chemotherapy is delivered via bloodstream, frequently planned for stopping cancer cells’ capacity to cultivate and split all through the body.