Symptoms of Type II Diabetes
Typically diagnosed in adults and the aging, Type II Diabetes develops when the cells in the body fail to respond in the correct manner to the insulin created naturally within the pancreas. The patient becomes resistant to insulin, resulting in a Diabetes diagnosis. Type II Diabetes was previously more commonly known as “insulin resistant diabetes” or “non-insulin dependent diabetes”. Type II Diabetes is the most common of the three types accounting for approximately 90% of all diabetic diagnosis. The disease occurs as a result of genetic factors as well as the patient’s lifestyle (i.e. unhealthy/poor diet, lack of exercise, obesity, inactivity, high blood pressure).
Symptoms of Type II Diabetes
Type II Diabetes may remain undiagnosed for an extended time. In fact, years can go by before a person becomes aware they have Type II Diabetes, as symptoms may not be quite pronounced. Type II Diabetes could lead to many health complications such as kidney failure, heart disease, changes in vision, nerve damage, amputations and even death. If a patient finds they exhibit more than two or three of following symptoms, it’s important they speak to their health care professional as soon as possible.
Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia):
The body signals the need to dilute the high level of sugar in the blood. Thus, the brain signals excessive thirst and more water is consumed. This is called polydipsia or excessive thirst.
Frequent Urination (Polyuria):
Polyuria happens due to body’s need to rid itself of high sugar through excretion. This can also cause dehydration due to loss of high amount of fluids through urination.
Excessive Hunger (Polyphegia):
Within the body of a diabetic, the body tries to bring the high level of blood sugar back under control. To do this, the body tries to produce more insulin. In order to accomplish this, the body demands food.
Insulin converts blood sugar into the energy required by the cells within our bodies. Without this conversion, the sugar in the blood is not fully utilized and therefore causes extreme fatigue and tiredness.
Sudden Weight Loss:
Patients may experience sudden weight loss due to changes in their metabolism. Weight loss occurs as the body attempts to maintain energy levels by burning stores of fats and proteins within the body.
Some patients may experience weight gain due to Polyphegia or excessive hunger.
Type 2 Diabetes can lead to Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia Non-ketotic Syndrome. This is a medical condition where the body fluid is drained out of tissues including the lenses of the eye, which leads to blurred vision and even blindness in some patients.
Because of a lack of sufficient glucose supply to the brain and other body organs. It leads to tiredness, uneasiness and irritability.
Also known as Diabetic Sensory Neuropathy, patients may feel numbness or tingling in the hands and feet as a direct result of high blood glucose or constricted blood vessels produce damage to the nerves.
Also known as Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy, patients may experience dryness, itching and cracking of skin. Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy can adversely affect certain involuntary functions of the body including sweating.
Slow/Poor Wound Healing:
High blood sugar lowers the efficiency of white blood cells (WBC) and thereby interferes with the healing of the wound. Wounds often heal slowly or poorly and because white blood cells fight infection, it’s more common for diabetics to suffer from both infections and slow/poor wound healing. It should also be noted that prolonged Type II Diabetes leads to a thickening of blood vessels which causes poor blood circulation.
Patients of Type 2 Diabetes are more prone to infections. They may suffer skin infections due to the fluctuation in sugar levels. Female diabetic patients may suffer from recurrent yeast infections due to weakened immune system. Type II Diabetics may also develop infection of genitals and frequent urinary tract infections.
Altered Mental Status:
Patients of Type II Diabetes may experience agitation, lack of attention, extreme lethargy, or confusion due to high blood sugar levels. Patients may develop ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome, or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).