Signs and Symptoms of Type I Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is usually detected at an early age, and constitutes about 10 percent of the total patients suffering diabetes. In most cases there is an early imbalance of insulin production, which is usually genetically inherited. Patients are required to inject insulin manually or have an insulin pump, these are used to regulate the blood sugar levels.
Type 1 diabetes can also occur among older people if, through accident or illness, sufficient damage is caused to the pancreas – or more specifically to the pancreatic cells that are responsible for producing insulin.
Sign and Symptoms of Type I Diabetes
While there are many strong similarities in the symptoms of both Type I and Type II Diabetes, the following symptoms are more pronounced and begin suddenly with Type I, whereas they are slower and less predominant with Type II.
Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia): The body signals the need to dilute the high level of sugar in the blood. Thus, the brain signals excessive thirst and more water is consumed. This is called polydipsia or excessive thirst.
Frequent Urination (Polyuria): Polyuria occurs due to the body’s need to rid itself of high sugar through excretion. This can also cause dehydration due to loss of high amount of fluids through urination.
Excessive Hunger (Polyphegia): Within the body of a diabetic, the body tries to bring the high level of blood sugar back under control. To do this, the body tries to produce more insulin. In order to accomplish this, the body demands food.
Fatigue: Insulin converts blood sugar into the energy required by the cells within our bodies. Without this conversion, the sugar in the blood is not fully utilized and therefore causes extreme fatigue and tiredness.
Vision Changes: Patients with long phases of high sugar level suffer adverse effect son eyes. Extra glucose is absorbed by lenses in the eyes and in doing so the shape and function of the lens is altered. Vision changes range from blurred vision to blindness which can occur extremely fast with Type I Diabetes.
Sudden Weight Loss: Patients may experience sudden weight loss due to changes in their metabolism. Weight loss occurs as the body attempts to maintain energy levels by burning stores of fats and proteins within the body.
Slow/Poor Wound Healing: High blood sugar lowers the efficiency of white blood cells (WBC) and thereby interferes with the healing of the wound. Wounds often heal slowly or poorly and because white blood cells fight infection, it’s more common for diabetics to suffer from both infections and slow/poor wound healing. It should also be noted that prolonged Type I Diabetes leads to a thickening of blood vessels which causes poor blood circulation.
Infections: Patients of Type 1 Diabetes are more prone to infections. They may suffer skin infections due to the fluctuation in sugar levels. Female diabetic patients may suffer from recurrent yeast infections due to weakened immune system. Type I Diabetics may also develop infection of genitals and frequent urinary tract infections.
Altered Mental Status: Patients of Type I Diabetes may experience agitation, lack of attention, extreme lethargy, or confusion due to high blood sugar levels. Patients may develop ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome, or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
Diabetic Ketoacidosis: When there is a shortage of insulin, the body taps into and starts burning fatty acids. When this occurs, the body begins producing acidic ketone bodies which are characterized by the smell of acetone (or a sickly sweet smell); a rapid deep breathing, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Patients may also have changes in consciousness.
Prolonged Diabetes increases the risk of blood vessel damage, cardiovascular disease, Ischemic Heart Disease, Stroke, Peripheral Vascular Disease, kidney failure and more. We highly recommend you closely monitor your blood sugar levels and work closely with your health are professional.