The staging of a cancer is imperative because the stage often decides the healing options. The tests and scans done to identify eye cancer give some information about the stage of the tumor. But doctors may not be proficient to tell the patient about the precise stage until one goes for an operation.

Stages of melanoma of the eye (ocular melanoma)

There are diverse ways of staging tumors. Staging classifications consist of the TNM scheme, which looks at the cancer size (T), whether the tumor has multiplied into lymph nodes (N) and whether it has metastasized – M. For a lot of types of tumor doctors also use a number arrangement.

For eye melanoma, majority of doctors employ a very easy staging system. They stage them as per the thickness and width of the lump, using the terms small, medium and large. They are as given below:-

  • Small – the melanoma is between 1 mm and 2.5 mm wide, and up to 5mm thick
  • Medium – the melanoma is between 2.5 and 10mm wide, and between 5mm and 16 mm thick
  • Large – the melanoma is more than 10 mm wide or more than 16mm thick

Every now and then the stage of your tumor may sound a bit perplexing. Staging can be difficult to comprehend. If you’re uncertain about the stage of your malignancy and would like to be acquainted with, don’t be afraid to ask your physician or an expert nurse.

Knowing your tumor stage may help you comprehend why your doctors have selected a particular cure for you.

Advanced stages of eye melanoma

Highly developed ocular melanoma means that the tumor has either:

  • developed into tissues just about the eye or
  • re-evolved since it was first treated

If your tumor has developed into the tissues just about the eye, it is known as extraocular expansion. This means that the melanoma has spread into the optic nerve or the eye opening. It is a more highly developed stage of tumor than if it was only inside the eyeball. Recurring melanoma of the eye means a melanoma that has recurred after it was first cured. It may have recurred in the eye or another part of your body, such as the liver.