Hypertension in a large sense usually refers to blood pressure and related health problems. It can affect anyone without prior warning although it usually affects people under immense stress, middle aged to elderly people etc. There are various types of hypertension that can affect people due to various factors.

Secondary hypertension is one of the less common kinds of hypertension and is usually a result of other health problems.

The following are the most common health conditions that lead to secondary hypertension:

  • Adrenal gland disorders that affect the creation of normal hormones may eventually lead to secondary hypertension. When patients suffer from Adrenal gland infections it affects the kidneys and other organs in the body too. Eventually this leads to several blood and pressure related problems.
  • Different kinds of Kidney disease like Polycystic kidney disease, kidney tumors, partial or complete kidney failure, or blocked arteries may also affect the blood pressure and eventually lead to secondary hypertension.
  • Prolonged and regular use of strong prescription drugs like corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and weight loss drugs, cold medicines especially decongestants, contraceptive pills, migraine medications and other similar drugs may also eventually lead to secondary hypertension. This is why it is important to consume these drugs for short periods of time. If required for long periods of time, lower doses should be administered or patients should be advised to take breaks during treatment.
  • When people suffer from sleeping disorders like Sleep Apnea it can eventually lead to secondary hypertension. Sleep Apnea is a condition wherein a patient stops breathing while sleeping. Most patients already have blood pressure problems when they suffer from Sleep Apnea and this can eventually lead to secondary hypertension.
  • If patients have a narrowed aorta due to a natural birth defect, it can lead to secondary hypertension in later years.
  • When pregnant people suffer from preeclampsia, it can eventually lead to secondary hypertension.
  • Patients who suffer from thyroid and related problems will also have a higher chance of developing secondary hypertension.

What does the treatment of Secondary Hypertension Include?

It is important for a medical professional to first ascertain that a patient is actually suffering from secondary hypertension. The normal diagnosis is done through a variety of blood tests and urine sampling tests.  However, the final diagnosis is made after verifying the other conditions you suffer from too.

Once it is finalized that a patient is in fact suffering from secondary hypertension, the doctor will start treating the condition that is leading to the problem. Secondary hypertension is named so because it is caused due to other health problems like the ones mentioned above.

No patient can suffer from secondary hypertension directly.

Doctors will therefore first spend time ascertaining the cause of the problem and then accordingly work towards treating the medical condition that is leading to secondary hypertension. Accordingly, if kidney disease is found to be the cause, kidney medication or dialysis will be required, if adrenal gland infection is found to the cause then treatment for the same will have to be administered first.

Over and above this some doctors may also prescribe blood pressure medication to control a patient’s blood pressure during treatment.