Type II Diabetes is a disease in which a patient suffers from high blood sugar levels. High sugar levels are a direct result of low or no production of insulin in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreas and is responsible for maintenance of glucose levels in the blood. With low or no production of insulin from the pancreas, the body cannot correctly store and use sugar and carbohydrates from ingested foods. One other cause for Diabetes is that while the pancreas is producing insulin and in the correct amounts, the cells of the body are reacting incorrectly to the insulin and thus the sugars aren’t correctly processed.

The following are known risk factors for Type II Diabetes:

Age:

Patients above 45 years of age are at higher risk of developing this disease. The combination of age and a reduced amount of exercise both weakens the body and increases weight. Aging affects the efficiency of pancreas to secrete insulin. The body also becomes resistant to insulin with advancement of age.

Family History:

Patients with a family history of diabetes, especially Type II, are at greater risk of developing the disease. Studies have shown that if one of your parents was diagnosed with Type II Diabetes prior to age 50 there is a 1 in 7 chance you will be diagnosed with Type II Diabetes. If your parent was diagnosed after the age of fifty your chances then become 1 in 13.

Giving Birth to a Heavy Baby:

Patients, who deliver a baby weighing more than 9lbs at birth, are more prone to develop Type II Diabetes. They are also at much higher risk of Gestational Diabetes during pregnancy. With a larger fetus, there is an increased need for glucose. The body reacts with increased insulin production which then can cause the patient to be an insulin resistant Type II Diabetic later in life.

Gestational Diabetes:

Patients, who were diagnosed with gestational Diabetes during pregnancy, have a 20-50% chance of being diagnosed with Type II Diabetes later in life. Gestational diabetes occurs when hormones from the placenta make the mother insulin resistant. It could easily trigger Type II Diabetes later in life.

Obesity:

Excess body weight is another risk factor triggering Type II Diabetes. As the patient has more fatty tissue, especially around belly, cells become more resistant to insulin. Excess body fat hinders body’s process to use insulin, resulting into Type II Diabetes.

Abnormal Cholesterol Levels:

Low HDL (good cholesterol) levels and high LDL (bad cholesterol) levels could also trigger Type II Diabetes.

High Levels of Triglycerides in Blood:

High level of triglycerides( a type of fat) and unequal fat distribution, including fat deposits on the belly or abdomen are another risk factor leading to the development of Type II Diabetes.

Impaired Glucose Tolerance:

Patients with impaired glucose tolerance are also at a higher risk of developing Type II Diabetes.

Inactive or Sedentary Lifestyle:

Low levels of activity or leading an inactive/sedentary lifestyle could also lead to the development of Type II Diabetes. Inactivity could lead to obesity, high level of fat or triglycerides in body and a high level of cholesterol. All these factors increase the risk of the development of Type II Diabetes.

Metabolic Syndrome or Insulin Resistance:

Insulin resistance could damage heart vessels and could also trigger Type II Diabetes. Obesity, a high fat diet, and lack of exercise together cause metabolic syndrome and can result in heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Ethnicity:

People with certain ethnic origins are at higher risk of developing Type II Diabetes. Patients with African American, Native American, Hispanic American, and Japanese American origins are at higher risk of developing Type II Diabetes. The risk increases if they have any close relative suffering from Type II Diabetes or Gestational Diabetes.

Prediabetes:

Having a higher blood sugar level, which is higher than normal, but not high enough to be called Diabetes, is called PreDiabetes. This could lead to Type II Diabetes, if the patient does not follow the lifestyle and dietary changes recommended by their health care professional.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:

A patient suffering from Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS are also at higher risk of developing Type II Diabetes.

History of Vascular Disease:

Patients with a history of Vascular Diseases are at higher risk of developing Type II Diabetes.