Precautions to Control Diabetes
There are certain precautions that a patient with diabetes can take which will help control their blood sugar levels as well as help to avoid some of the diabetic complications. It’s vitally important to have a healthy diet, exercise, take prescribed medications at the correct dosages and times as well as monitor their blood glucose levels. Let’s take a look at some of the other precautions a diabetic can take:
Food and Meals
Follow the recommendations of your doctor, dietician and/or nutritionist and educate yourself on the correct and incorrect kinds of foods. Some important aspects of the diabetic diet are:
- Regular Healthy Meals
- Avoid/Eliminate Simple Carbs and Sugars
- Limit Snacks
- Eat at Regular Times – Don’t take part in feast or famine
- Increase intake of fruits and vegetables, but not those with a high glycemic index
- Include fiber rich foods and avoid fatty foods.
- Avoid alcohol or keep its intake at a minimum
- Avoid foods with a high glycemic index, foods that raise triglycerides and bad cholesterol.
Work with your Doctor
There is a bit more involved than just taking medications and visiting your doctor. As a diabetic, it’s important that you:
- Monitor your blood sugar levels.
- Adjust your lifestyle to include a diabetic diet and exercise program
- Take prescribed medications on time and in correct dosages
- Do not skip medical appointments and tests.
- Educate yourself on proper diabetic care and complications
- Keep a Blood Sugar Diary as well as a Diet Diary
- Because of a slowed healing time, any wounds need to be seen by a doctor to avoid infection and complications.
- Create a full medical team to include your primary doctor, a dietician or nutritionist, an ophthalmologist, podiatrist, dentist and cardiologist. Complications to the eye and heart are common with diabetics.
It’s not just a matter of hygiene as much as it is a way of making sure you have a long life without complications of diabetes.
- Oral hygiene is important to ward off gum infections and other oral problems. A slow healing time can create a myriad of oral issues. Regular dental visits are a must.
- Use a podiatrist to assist you with foot care and toenail care. Because there can be a loss of sensation to the extremities – called neuropathy – a podiatrist can help by making sure your nails are trimmed correctly and be on the lookout for wounds, ulcers of the feet, infections and other foot problems.
- Exercise – add an exercise program to your daily routine such as: deep breathing exercises, aerobics or any other exercise program recommended by your doctor.
One of the best things you can do to assist yourself in getting good diabetic control is through education. Learn the do’s and don’ts, the complication and the risks by using resources available to you through:
- Your medical team
- Books at your local library
- Pamphlets and other documents supplied by your doctor
- This and other informative websites
By taking advantage of information you will gather as well as making lifestyle changes and taking your medications, you can work to control your blood glucose levels and give yourself the best possible chance to have an otherwise healthy and long life. Understand too, that once you have been diagnosed with diabetes, the changes of your children becoming diabetic increase. By making the appropriate changes to your lifestyle, you increase their risks of stalling or avoiding a diabetic diagnosis. We hope, with the information we have provided, to assist you in that.