Polycystic kidney disease is a common cystic genetic disease that affects the health and functions of the kidney. Polycystic kidney disease affects both humans and animals. In simple terms it is a disease that leads to multiple cysts in the kidneys. The disease normally affects both the kidneys.

These cysts are usually filled with fluids and can lead to abnormal enlargement of the kidneys. Patients who suffer from polycystic kidney disease may also eventually suffer from other problems as a result. It is common for patients to also face health problems of the heart, brain, liver and pancreas.

There are two kinds of Polycystic kidney disease, both of which are differentiated by their inheritance factors.  Polycystic kidney disease is one of the most severe genetic diseases that ultimately leads to majority deaths in most cases.

Causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease

  • Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic problem that is passed down through generations. If either of the parents have the gene it increases the risk of a child inheriting it by about 50%.
  • The disease affects several people however it is known to occur or manifest in adults and middle aged people, rarely children.
  • Since it is a genetic disorder, most medical professionals blame genetics for the formation of the cysts. However, the real cause of the growth or presence of the cysts besides genetic factors is not known.

Other problems associated with Polycystic Kidney Disease:

It is common for patients suffering from Polycystic Kidney Disease to suffer from other diseases too. While Polycystic kidney disease is passed on through genes, when a patient suffers for several years he may eventually experience Aortic Aneurysms, Brain  Aneurysms, Cysts in the livers, pancreas or testes, Diverticula of the colon.

In most cases people may suffer from the formation of cysts in the liver when they have Polycystic Kidney Disease.

Common symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease

People who suffer from any of the symptoms below should first get a thorough medical check-up done to confirm the disease. In most cases the symptoms below may signify liver or kidney disease but could also signify other health problems too.

The common symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease include but are not limited to severe abdominal pain, blood while passing urine, excessive urination especially at night, flank pain on either or both sides. Extreme drowsiness, pain in the joints, changes in the texture and color of nails are also common symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease. In some cases patients may suffer from other symptoms too. It is always safer to undergo a medical check-up to identify the problem.

What does the normal course of treatment involve?

  • When a person is diagnosed with Polycystic Kidney Disease the normal course of treatment will often involve care and preventive measures in order to limit the spread and size of the cysts.
  • Patients may be prescribed Blood pressure medication as blood pressure is a normal problem associated with kidney disease, Diuretics, and Low-salt diets.
  • If the cysts are painful, show signs of bleeding and are filled with fluids then they may need to be drained. If there are too many cysts, it won’t be advisable to remove all. In this case patients have to undergo a kidney transplant.