The ovaries are a vital pair of organs of the female reproductive system. They house the reproductive eggs and also generate the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer occurs when tumor develops on or in an ovary.

Ovarian cancer is a nonspecific expression for an assortment of cancers that initiate in the ovary. There are about 20 microscopically different types which can classified into three large sets such as

  • epithelial cancers
  • germ cell tumors
  • specialized stromal cell cancers

There are three groups for the reason that the ovary holds collections of cells with three separate origins and functions.

Ovarian cancer is an enlargement of unusual malignant cells that begins in the ovaries. Cancer that multiplies to the ovaries but instigates at another site is not considered ovarian cancer. This kind of growth is a type of tumor that forms in tissues of the ovary. Most ovarian cancers are either a cancer that starts in the cells on the surface of the ovary or cancer that begins in egg cells.

Ovarian tumors can be benign or malignant. Although nonstandard, cells of benign tumors do not multiply to other parts of the body.  Malignant tumor cells in the ovaries can metastasize in two ways:  directly to other body parts in the pelvis and stomach (the more ordinary way), through the bloodstream or lymph nodes to other body organs.

While the causes of ovarian cancer are unidentified, a number of theories exist: inherent errors may take place because of damage from the usual monthly release of an egg. Improved hormone levels ahead of and all through ovulation may stimulate the enlargement of anomalous cells. Ovarian cancer is the eighth most frequent tumor amongst women and the fifth principal reason of cancer deaths in women.

As the symptoms of ovarian cancer can be hard to identify and related to those of other conditions, it is occasionally called “the unvoiced slayer”. On the other hand, doctors are now far more conscious of the premature symptoms of ovarian cancer, such as bloating, pain in the pelvis and lower stomach, and difficulty eating. Being conscious of the symptoms of ovarian cancer is significant for the reason that if it’s trapped in the early stage 1 phase, up to 95% of women will be alive for more than 5 years.

Ovarian cancer study scientists are at present studying surgical procedure, radiation therapy, chemotherapy (including high-dose chemotherapy), natural therapy, and combinations of these types of treatments for ovarian cancer.