Both Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells are formed in the tissues of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. This cancer is among the main types of cancer in the head and neck area, a grouping known as head and neck cancer. The nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses include numerous types of tissue, and each contains a number of cells. Different cancers can increase from each type of cell. The differences are significant as they determine how fast-developing the cancer is and the kind of treatment required.

Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancers are very uncommon kinds of head and neck cancers. Nasal cavity cancer forms through the mucous-producing cells lining the inside of the nose. Paranasal sinus cancer can be formed in any of the sinuses, comprising the frontal sinuses, ethmoid sinuses, sphenoid sinuses and maxillary sinuses. These cancers happen in about 2,000 people every year in the US and are more generally found in men than in women. Cancers of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses grows internally and extend to areas nearby and then may increase to nearby lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are bean-sized collections of immune cells spread all over the head and neck. Cancers that keep on growing may then extend to further parts of the body, like the lungs. Noticing symptoms and getting usual checkups are the finest ways to identify nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer timely. The earlier symptoms are reported, the earlier a doctor can detect and treat the cancer.

The most familiar form of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. This kind of cancer forms in the squamous cells lining within the paranasal sinuses and the nasal cavity. The common age for nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer is between 45 and 85. People who work amid wood, textiles, leather, flour, asbestos, and metal-plating have a higher possibility of getting nasal and paranasal sinus cancer. Smoking and intense alcohol consumption further increases the risk of these cancers.

Many a times Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancers spread extensively by the time they are diagnosed and are tough to treat. Subsequent to the treatment, a lifetime of normal and careful follow-up is significant as there is a bigger risk of developing any other kind of cancer in the head or neck. Medical trials are in progress to discover enhanced ways of reducing symptoms and side effects of existing nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer treatments in order to improve patients’ life and comfort.