The Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses are greased by a coating of mucus-producing tissue with the subsequent cell types: squamous epithelial cells, minor salivary gland cells, nerve cells, infection- fighting cells, and blood vessel cells. Following are the several types of tumor found in these cells and tissues.

  • Squamous cell carcinoma:

    This is the most familiar form of nasal cavity and sinus cancer. Squamous cells are flat cells that create up the slim surface layer of the structures of the neck and head.

  • Adenocarcinomas:

    This is the other most common kind of cancer in the nose and paranasal sinuses found in around 10 out of every 100 people (10%) diagnosed with these kinds of cancers.

  • Malignant melanoma:

     Arising from cells known as melanocytes that provide the skin its color, is a destructive cancer, but it just accounts for about 1% of tumors in this region of the body.

  • Adenoid cystic cancers:

    These are very rare cancers of gland tissue. Majority of the time they grow in the salivary glands but, very rarely grow in the nose or nasal sinuses.

Treatment for nasal cavity or paranasal sinus cancer may comprise of:

  • Surgical procedure
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy

Depending on which stage the cancer is and your general medical condition, several treatment options may be used alone or in grouping. For cancer in early stages, surgery may be all that is required. In order to discover the occurrence of this type of cancer the following tests and procedures may be used:

  • Medical history assessment:

    An examination of the body to test general signs of healthiness, with examination for signs of disease, like lumps or anything else that seems odd.

  • Physical exam:

    In this test the doctor looks inside the nose with a small, long-handled mirror to check for unusual areas and checks the face and neck for lumps or inflamed lymph nodes.

  • X-rays:

    Head, neck, and chest X-Rays are often considered.

  • Nasoscopy:

    A process to look inside the nose for unusual areas.

  • Biopsy:

    Tissues or cells are removed so they can be examined by a pathologist to verify for signs of cancer.