Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer begins inside the nose and the sinus cavities. The nasal cavity contains of nostrils and a hollow passageway just at the back of the nose. The precise source of this cancer is unknown but the risk factors have been identified. Researchers have identified a few risk factors that make it possible for a person to develop nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer. In most of the cases it is exposure to inhaled materials in the workplace. Not every nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer can be prevented, but the risk of getting these cancers can be significantly reduced by avoiding certain risk factors, like workplace exposures to certain materials. Luckily, knowledge of the potential risk from these exposures has increased, and workplace safety measures have enhanced.

Risk factors add to the possibility of getting nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer. The most significant risk factor for getting nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer is work-related exposure, which includes:

  • inhaling wood dust
  • inhaling leather dust
  • exposure to nickel and nickel compounds
  • exposure to chromium
  • smoking
  • Human papilloma virus infection
  • Retinoblastoma

Symptoms comprise of the following:

  • Nasal obstruction or constant nasal congestion and stuffiness
  • Chronic sinus infections
  • Regular headaches or pain in the sinus area
  • Pain or swelling in the eyes, ears or face
  • Constant tearing of the eyes
  • Bulging of one of the eyes or vision loss
  • Decreased sense of smell
  • Pain or numbness in the teeth
  • Loosening of teeth
  • A lump on the face, nose, or in the mouth
  • Recurrent runny nose
  • Regular nosebleeds
  • Difficulty opening the mouth
  • A lump or sore within the nose that does not heal
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss

A person who observes any of these warning signs must speak with a doctor  right away and request for a complete physical examination, particularly if the symptoms persist for a number of weeks. Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer has a very good chance of being treated effectively when it is diagnosed early. As number of these symptoms can be caused by additional, noncancerous health conditions, it is always significant to get regular health and dental screenings; this is mainly important for people who regularly drink alcohol or who currently use tobacco products or have used them in the past.