Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer and affects lymphatic system. Lymphatic system or Lymph system is a part of the immune system responsible for fighting diseases and filtering out bacteria. In Lymphoma, lymph nodes of patients swell. Though swelling can also be due to various other reasons including infections and various other types of cancer, but it is advisable to consult a doctor to know the exact reason. Lymphoma occurs when the cells in the lymph nodes start multiplying rapidly and turn malignant. It is not easy to diagnose Lymphoma in early stages as it may not show up any symptoms. But there are some general symptoms, which may be associated with other diseases as well, that indicate Lymphoma.

General Symptoms of Lymphoma

Symptoms of Lymphoma are not very pronounced. They are similar to many other diseases. Thus it is not possible to detect Lymphoma on the basis of symptoms only. Patients must be alert once these types of symptoms occur and consult their doctor, so that diagnosis for Lymphoma can be done. Patient’s lymph nodes swell, when he suffers from Lymphoma. There are other symptoms as wee, which are listed below.

  • Swelling of a lymph node or lymph nodes
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Sweating at nights
  • Fevers
  • Unexplained itching

Types of Lymphoma

Lymphoma could be of mainly two types, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Non- Hodgkin’s Lymphoma could be of several types. It refers to a number of cancers, which affect immune system. It is more common type of Lymphoma. Non- Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is cancer of Lymphocytes, there behaviour is different and symptoms and treatment also differs from other type of Lymphomas.

Hodgkin lymphoma spreads from one group of lymph nodes to another in an orderly manner. It starts from lymph tissue in the lymphatic system and slowly spreads to the lungs, bone marrow and blood.

Symptoms of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

In non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma patients may show up all the general symptoms of Lymphoma such as weight loss, fever, itching, and tiredness, night sweating or swelling of lymph nodes. Apart from these general symptoms, there are other symptoms of non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma as well. They may vary depending on the area affected by this disease. Symptoms of this disease are listed below.

  • One of the most common symptoms of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is swelling of a lymph node or many lymph nodes in the neck, collarbone, groin, and armpit.
  • Some patients may feel abdominal pain as a symptom of Lymphoma. It occurs if Lymphoma affects tissue in the abdomen. In this case tissues swell and fluid builds up in the abdomen causing pain.
  • Patients of Lymphoma may develop pot belly if their abdominal tissues are affected with this disease.
  • Some patients could have problem in passage of faeces due to blockage around the intestines in case of Lymphoma spreading to stomach.
  • Some patients may feel chest pain due to lymphatic tissue build up in thymus gland situated near heart.
  • Other symptoms include cough or other difficulties in respiration such as breathing difficulty. It occurs when lymphatic tissues build up in the chest cavity.

Symptoms of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease are vague and it is difficult to diagnose this disease. It may not show up any symptoms in the early stage. Its symptoms are mostly general symptoms of Lymphoma. Patients may develop swelling in the lymph nodes. Some of the symptoms of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma are as follows-

  • Excessive sweating at nights
  • Persistent and chronic tiredness
  • Weight loss without any intention
  • Itchy skin, it affects mostly the upper body but itching can be felt in any part of the body
  • Unexplained fevers
  • Swelling in one or more lymph nodes

Causes and Risk Factors of Lymphoma