Liver cancer is the third most widespread cancer around the globe, and the majority of patients with liver cancer die within a year. The liver is the major internal organ in the human body, and its functions are very important for the digestion of food. No one can stay alive without a liver. Functions of the liver consist of:

  • Collecting and filtering blood from the intestines
  • Processing and storing required nutrients absorbed from the intestines
  • Producing several blood clotting factors of the body
  • Removing toxins from the human body
  • Sustain the sugar level in the body

In majority of cases when cancer was diagnosed in the liver it did not start there, but somewhere else (the colon, breast, or lung) and then extend to the liver. This is known as metastatic cancer. Although these cancer cells are inside the liver, they still appear and perform like cancer cells from the part of the body that they came from. If someone has lung cancer that has extended to the liver, the cancer cells inside the liver are still lung cancer cells, so that person will be treated for metastatic lung cancer.

Primary liver cancer more likely happen in livers damaged by birth defects, alcohol abuse, or constant illness with diseases such as hepatitis B, C and cirrhosis. Cirrhosis – a scarring state of the liver generally caused by alcohol abuse is there in more than half of all people diagnosed with primary liver cancer. Liver cancer may also be connected to obesity and fatty liver ailment. Hepatitis B and C and hemochromatosis can cause everlasting damage and liver failure.

Doctors are trying to know more regarding this disease, ways to avoid it, how to treat it in the best way, and how to offer the most excellent care to people diagnosed with this illness. The prospect of increasing the criteria for liver transplantation (allowing more patients to be eligible) is being studied.

While gene therapy is in the extremely early stages of development, some scientific trials are already in progress. In one example, the new gene makes chemotherapy perform really better. In this kind of treatment, a gene can be straightaway injected into the tumor. The patient is then given the inactive drug and this new gene assists activating the medicine in the tumor. These and the targeted treatment sorafenib are being tested in mixture with further treatments.