Liver Cancer starts in the cells of the liver itself. Cancer that commences in any other part of the body and advances to the liver is called as metastatic cancer and is named after the organ where it begin. The most familiar type of primary liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which begin in the cells that filter toxins from the blood. There are 2 types of liver cancer:

Benign liver growths (non-cancerous growths)

The majority of growth in the liver is benign and are not cancerous. A lot of benign growths can be treated without any surgical procedure, although a few do require to be operated on.

Primary and secondary liver cancer

Inside the group of primary liver cancers, there are four chief categories. These are

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Angiosarcoma
  • Hepatoblastoma

Liver cancer may be treated using one or more of the three methods: Surgery, Chemotherapy, and Percutaneous ethanol injection. Several factors can influence treatment and prognosis (chance of recovery) for an individual with liver cancer. These factors comprise of the person’s general fitness the way that the liver itself is working, the stage of the cancer, and the levels of alpha-fetoprotein.

Treatment choices and recommendations depend on some factors:

  • Whether the cancer is just in the liver
  • Whether the cancer is just in the part where it begin or has spread extensively all over the liver
  • The patient’s preferences and overall physical condition
  • The damage to the lasting (tumor-free) part of the liver

Primary liver cancer can be diagnosed by a grouping of blood tests, diagnostic imaging and image-guided biopsy. The blood test that is mainly helpful is AFP (alpha-fetoprotein). These tumors frequently show on an ultrasound scan, but for full evaluation both CT and MRI scans are necessary. A needle biopsy by means of ultrasound (or other imaging) guidance will generally verify the diagnosis.

A bone scan can help out searching for cancer that has reached to bones. Doctors don’t generally prescribe this test for people with liver cancer unless you boast symptoms such as bone pain, or if there’s a possibility that you may be entitled for a liver transplant to treat the cancer. Region of active bone changes emerge as “hot spots” on the skeleton – which means, they attract the radioactivity. These regions might imply the existence of cancer, but other bone diseases can also cause the similar outline. To differentiate between these situations, additional imaging tests like simple x-rays or MRI scans, or even a bone biopsy might be required.