Lexapro is an oral drug belonging to selective serotonin reputake inhibitor or SSRI group of drugs. It comes in the form of tablets and oral solution. It contains Escitalopram as its main active ingredient. It is manufactured by Forest Laboratories. It restores the function and level of serotonin in the brain. It was approved by FDA for treatment of depression in 2002 and for treatment of major depressive disorder in children above twelve years in 2009.

Uses Of Lexapro

Lexapro is mainly used for treatment of anxiety or depressive disorder in adults. It is oral drug for treatment of depression. It affects serotonin in brain to treat depression. Serotonin is responsible for mood change disorder and depression.

It is also used for treatment of major depressive disorder in children above 12 years.

Doctors also prescribe it for other purposes such as treatment of anxiety disorder during pregnancy.

Dosages

Patients should stick to the recommended dosages and duration by the doctor. It takes around at least 4 weeks, before patient gets relief. If a patient misses a dose, he should immediately take it as he remembers. But it should be avoided if the time of second dose is approaching.

Precautions Before Taking Lexapro

Patients allergic to Escitalopram or other ingredients in Lexapro should not take this medicine.

Lexapro should not be taken with any monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) drug. There should be a gap of at least 2 weeks between use of Lexapro and any monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) drug.

Patients should be under regular monitoring while using Lexapro as some patients may develop suicidal thoughts, while using this drug. Patients younger than 24 years of age are more likely to develop these thoughts.

Patients should discuss their allergies and medical history with their doctor, before using Lexapro as it can worsen certain medical conditions.

Patients should tell their doctor about any medicine being used before starting Lexapro. They should also ask their doctor before using any other medicine, while using Lexapro as it may produce certain health complications by interacting with certain drugs.

Pregnant patients or patients who are planning or suspecting pregnancy should not use Lexapro as like other SSRIs, Lexapro is also capable of producing fatal birth defects in the newborn, which could be permanent in nature.

Breast-feeding patients should not use Lexapro as it may easily pass into the breast milk and harm the infant.

Patients with a history of psychiatric disorders such as maniac disorder or suicide attempts should not use Lexapro as it may worsen their condition.

Patients with bleeding problems, dehydration and low sodium in the blood (hyponatremia) should not use Lexapro or their condition may worsen.

Patients suffering from liver disease, seizures or kidney disease should also avoid use of Lexapro as their condition may worsen with this drug.

Patients using Lexapro should avoid activities asking for mental alacrity such as driving, using machinery or other such activities as use of this drug could trigger drowsiness and patient may meet with accident, while performing these activities.

Patients using Lexapro should avoid drinking alcohol as it may worsen their condition.

Patients should tell their doctor about their use of Lexapro before going for any surgery or dental work.

Elderly patients are more likely to develop dehydration or low sodium with use of this drug. Thus they should consult their doctor before using it.

Patients with a history of epilepsy, bipolar disorder or drug addiction should consult their doctor before using Lexapro.

Use of Lexapro could trigger mood or behavior changes, anxiety, panic attacks, sleeping problems or irritation. Patients should immediately call their doctor in such condition.

Regular monitoring is required as patients using Lexapro may develop impulsiveness, agitation, hostility, aggressiveness, restlessness, hyperactivity or worsen depression.