Although just the mere size of a human fist, the Kidneys still play very vital roles in the normal functioning of the human body. When a person suffers from severe kidney problems, he may need to be hospitalized. In certain cases patients may be tended at home itself. However, kidney problems result in severe weakness and affect the normal routines and activities of daily life.

In order to understand the importance of your Kidneys, it is first important to understand its basic role in the body.

The kidneys help remove waste and toxins from the body and bloodstream. The kidneys are also the organ that helps produce necessary hormones that control major body functions like regulating blood pressure and producing red blood cells. The kidneys are also effective in regulating the levels of minerals and electrolytes in the body.

Under normal circumstances, when the blood passes through the body it goes into the kidneys. The kidneys then work towards removing the waste and purifying the blood. The waste  is passed out of the body in the form of urine.

When the kidney stops working excess waste materials build up in the body and bloodstream causing further complications. The buildup of excess waste materials also leads to chemical imbalances in the body.

It is common for both young adults and middle aged to aged people to suffer from kidney problems. Several reasons and causes can be attributed to kidney diseases and problems.

Some common causes of Kidney Problems

  • Several existing diseases may eventually lead to kidney problems over time. Patients who have been suffering from Diabetes for several years may eventually end up with kidney complications.
  • Patients who suffer from high blood pressure problems may also eventually develop kidney problems in later years.
  • Hardening of the arteries commonly causes heart related ailments, however it may also lead to kidney problems.
  • Some patients may suffer from kidney problems when they experience an abnormal inflammation of the kidneys. This condition is termed as Nephritis. It can be caused by an autoimmune problem when the body’s own immune system damages the kidneys.
  • Some people may experience kidney problems when the size of the kidney is either too small or too large than the normal size.
  • Sometimes inherited or genetic problems may result in metabolic disorders in the kidney. Although this is rare it is still a severe problem among several people.
  • In certain cases extremely strong doses of medications may also damage the tissues in the kidney leading to kidney problems and eventually failure.

Typical symptoms of kidney disease

It is important to mention that people who are suffering from mild or moderate kidney problems may not experience any symptoms as such. The majority who do experience symptoms are those who have reached a later stage in the disease.

Constant puffy eyes, swollen eyes, swollen hands and feet, blood pressure related problems, extreme fatigue, inability to breathe properly, loss of appetite, extreme nausea and vomiting, bad taste in the mouth, unexplained weight loss, itchy skin, yellowish change in skin color, discoloration of the urine are some of the most common symptoms of kidney disease.