A germ cell tumor that instigates in the testis’s reproductive cells or in that of the ovaries is known as gonadal tumor. Infrequently, germ cell tumors crop up in other parts of the body. These tumors that lie outside the gonads are known as extragonadal tumors.

Germ cell cancer, even when discovered at a highly developed stage, has a propensity to have a constructive prognosis. The outlook (prognosis) is even better when the tumor is identified in the premature stage.

Like tumors that crop up somewhere else in the body, germ cell tumors can be non-cancerous or malignant (cancerous). There are a few special types; each one classified according to the explicit kinds of germ cells present and their position in the body. The most ordinary germ cell tumors include:

  • Teratomas:

    Most common amongst children which are usually benign but at times can be cancerous. Because they’re often easy for parents and doctors to see and feel — teratomas are usually detected early and respond well to treatment.

  • Germinomas:

    These tumors are malignant and even though they can have an effect on both males and females, they have a propensity to crop up most commonly in the ovaries of teenage girls.

  • Endodermal sinus tumors:

    even though these tumors can be non-cancerous, they’re more often malignant and can be quite aggressive and are commonly found in the ovaries, testes, or tailbone.

  • Embryonal carcinoma:

    This malignant cancer is frequently a combination of more than a few special types of cells. It occurs normally in a boy’s scrotum, but can multiply (metastasize) elsewhere in the body.

  • Choriocarcinoma:

    This less widespread, frequently malignant tumor arises from the placenta at some stage in the pregnancy and can have an effect on both the mother and child. It’s frequent in pregnant teens, but can also have an effect on girls who are not expecting.

Treatment of germ cell tumors has been improving and now researchers are trying to discover if less strong treatments will work just like extreme treatment alternatives. Treatment options include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation

Identification of germ cell tumor can be done through blood tests, biopsy or through imaging studies. Blood tests are used to check WBC and RBC levels, to look for tumor makers and other chemicals that might be present in the blood. Young children, elder children and adults can all get germ cell tumors.