Diabetes is a chronic condition that can be controlled through healthy lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise as well as with the medications ranging from pills to insulin injections. While scientist and researchers are actively looking for a cure, to date, no cure exists.

Here are just a few of the staggering facts about diabetes:

  • Diabetes is a condition where the patient has uncontrolled high blood sugar levels.
  • It is mainly of three types- Type I Diabetes, Type II Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes.
  • It is estimated that 6% of the world’s population (or 246 million people) have Diabetes.
  • That estimate is expected to exceed 7.8% of the world’s population (or 439 million people) by the year 2030.
  • Asians have a five times higher rate of Diabetes compared to Caucasians.
  • 90-95% of all diabetics fall into the Type II Diabetes classification.
  • 70,000 children, under the age of 15, are diagnosed with Type I Diabetes yearly.
  • Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure in the world.
  • Diabetes is responsible for approximately 5% (or 5 million) blindness cases in adults.
  • Among adults aged 20-74 years, Diabetes is listed as the leading cause in new cases of blindness.
  • Diabetes is responsible for more than one million limb amputations every year.
  • Diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke and eye cataracts.
  • 70% of the cases of diabetes patients live in low and middle income countries.
  • India has the highest number of diabetics with 50.8 million. China is next with 43.2 million Diabetics.
  • Diabetes is one of the major causes of premature illness and death worldwide.
  • Diabetes is responsible for 6 deaths every minute.
  • Diabetes causes 1 in 20 deaths around the world.
  • Common symptoms of Diabetes are increased thirst, increased hunger and frequent urination.
  • Lowering long term glucose levels, by a single point, decreases the risk of blindness and kidney failure by 37%.
  • Lowering long term glucose levels, by a single point, decreases the risk of amputations by 43%.
  • Within developing countries, many Type 1 Diabetics die due to insufficient treatment, before or soon after diagnosis.
  • Type 2 diabetes may remain undetected for many years.
  • 60% or more of Type II Diabetes can be prevented with diet and lifestyle changes.
  • Insulin is essential for the management of Type I Diabetes.
  • Insulin is may be necessary for the management of Type II diabetes.
  • The largest age group affected by diabetes currently falls between 40-59 years.
  • By the year 2030, that age group is expected to raise to 60-79 year of age.
  • Undiagnosed diabetes increases risk of complications and morbidity from Diabetes.
  • Diabetes is growing at the fastest rate in developing countries.
  • The current cost of treating diabetes and its complications in the world is estimated at US $215-375 billion
  • In 2010 1.9 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people ages 20 years or older.
  • In 2010 25.8 million patients (8.3% of the population) have diabetes in the United States.
  • In 2010 79 million patients were diagnosed with pre-diabetes.
  • In 2007 71,382 death certificates were issued listing diabetes as an underlying cause in those deaths.
  • In  2007 160,022 death certificates were issued listing diabetes as a contributing factor
  • In total for the year 2007 231,404 death certificates were issued where diabetes was listed as cause or contributing factor.
  • In 2006 approximately 65,700 cases of non-traumatic lower limb amputations were performed on patients with diabetes.