An eye is a sensory organ of the human body. It interacts with light to allow us vision. An eye can interpret and differentiate between 10 million colors. We experience many types of eye problems in our daily lives like itching, blurred vision or fatigue. These are temporary eye problems, which will not persist for more than 2-3 days. People suffering from diabetes sometimes face temporary eye problems. Major eye problems like cataract, glaucoma need immediate help from a doctor.

Some Common Types of Eye problems

The major eye problems are

  • Cataract: This develops with aging and is easily curable. People with cataract usually see blurred images and are sensitive to light. Over a period of time a small cloud layer develops before your eye lenses hence, affecting the vision. A small operation by an ophthalmic surgeon will remove this cloudy layer and then you will be back to normal.
  • Glaucoma: If this is left untreated it can lead to loss of vision. People with glaucoma usually have no symptoms till the problem has reached a higher level. In glaucoma the fluids in our eyes are not drained properly, thus leading to an increase in pressure in our eyes. This pressure can damage the nerves and blood vessel of our eyes, which can in turn lead to vision loss. Regular check up with a doctor can prevent you from this eye problem.
  • Grave disease: A scarred tissue is developed as the fluids get pulled towards the muscles and stored. This happens due to apical enlargement of eye muscles, which provokes other connecting tissues to produce collagen and fibers. The disease causes swelling in the eye muscles which makes the eye look projected. People find it difficult to close the eyes, which cause dryness, irritation and inflammation. If efforts are made to close the eyelids then that could lead to compression of the nerves due to swollen muscles resulting in loss of vision. Early treatment is the best method to prevent it.
  • Macular degeneration: It is the disease of the retina or the inner layer, which senses light and allows us vision. This can deteriorate with age. The possible symptoms are central vision becoming blurred, loss of details, problems in differentiating between colors etc.
  • Low vision: This eye problem is common among all ages. The cause of this eye problem could be a birth defect, ageing or some other diseases. Macular degeneration can also lead to low vision. With low vision your ability to read could be affected, also affecting the side vision and resulting in loss of color vision. It makes it uneasy for your eyes to adjust to light, glare and contrast.
  • Optic neuropathy: It’s an acute inflammatory process of the optic nerve, usually affecting young adults. It results in vision loss but, for a shorter duration. Proper care is required in the first few days after the onset of vision loss.
  • Retinal detachment: Retina detects light and then converts the images into electrical pulse, which is sent to the brain for interpretation of the optic nerve. If this does not function properly then it can lead to vision loss. There are two types of retinal Detachment: Exudative Retinal Detachment and Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment. The exudative retinal detachment occurs due to collection of fluids in the retina to the outer coast of the eye. The fluids can be from any inflammation or tumor, thus when the retina is detached from the outer coast it can lead to a blurred vision. The rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is due to formation of holes in the retina, which detaches the retina from the outer coast of the eye. This can be caused due to trauma, myopia or due to some family disease.
  • Strabismus: It’s a problem with the alignment of the eye. There are three different types of strabismus: Esotropia, Exotropia and Hypertropia. Esotropia is crossed eyes; Exotropia is divergent eyes and hypertropia is a problem with the vertical alignment of the eye.

There are few temporary eyes condition like dry eyes, conjunctivitis, redness of eyes, night blindness and sty.

Prevention of eye problems

Over a period of time our simple routines can lead to some damage to the eyes causing temporary problems. Here are a few simple measures which can help us to avoid eye problems:

  • Use shades to save your eyes from the direct exposure to ultraviolet rays.
  • Avoid strain to your eyes, take a break from your work and close your eyes. This will help them to relax.
  • People having diabetes needs to be more cautious.
  •  Make sure to go for regular eye health checkups.