There are two major kinds of esophageal cancer. Both kinds are diagnosed, cured, and managed in more-or-less similar ways.

Squamous Cell: squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequently diagnosed esophageal cancer around the world. This kind of cancer is typically found in the upper area of the esophagus.

Adenocarcinoma: This kind is frequently found in the lower part of the esophagus, close to the stomach.

To diagnose esophageal cancer, your doctor will evaluate the symptoms, past medical records, and will examine your physical health. In addition to this, he or she may prescribe a few blood tests and X-ray exams. Tests may comprise:

Barium swallow: The doctor will make you drink barium solution and then would take for x-ray tests for esophagus and the stomach which is also called an upper GI series.

Endoscopy: The doctor passes an endoscope, a slim, lighted pipe, down your gullet into your esophagus to inspect it. Endoscopic ultrasound makes use of sound waves to offer more information about the degree of cancer growth in close by tissues.

Biopsy: The doctor makes use of an endoscope to take away a tissue from the esophagus. A doctor will then examine the tissue under a microscope for tumor cells.

In the majority of the cases, cancers of the esophagus are diagnosed because of the symptoms they cause. Diagnosis in people with no symptoms is exceptional and more often than not accidental. Unluckily, most esophageal cancers do not cause symptoms until a highly developed stage is reached, when treatment becomes tricky.

Trouble swallowing: The most frequent indication of esophageal cancer is a difficulty in swallowing, as it feels like the food is caught in the throat or chest.

Weight loss: This happens for the reason that the swallowing problems keep the patients from eating and hence lead to weight loss.  Other factors incorporate a decreased appetite and an increase in metabolism.

Other symptoms include:

Food gets trapped in the esophagus, and food may retort

Ache in the chest or back

Heartburn

A croaky voice or cough

Having these symptoms does not imply that you have esophageal cancer. Many of these symptoms are likely to be caused by certain other conditions. Still, if you experience any of these symptoms, particularly trouble in swallowing food, then consult a doctor and get all the tests done.

Esophagus Cancer – Causes, Risks And Symptoms