Endometrium is the starting point of almost all cancers of the uterus. They are identified as endometrial carcinomas. Cancers can also start in the muscle layer of the uterus. The group of cancers called sarcomas is where these cancers fit in.

  • Type I tumors comprise tumors of endometrioid histology that are grade 1 or 2; these include approximately 80 percent of endometrial carcinomas.
  • Type II tumors are the cause for 10 to 20 percent of endometrial carcinomas. These tumors are usually high-grade, have a poor prediction, and are not clearly related with estrogen stimulation

Examining for any signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer (like abnormal vaginal bleeding or ejection) and informing your doctor about them right away allows the cancer to be diagnosed at an early stage. The odds of a successful treatment are increased by the early discovery. There is no test suggested to discover this cancer before symptoms build up (except for women at high risk). Regular pelvic exams hardly ever find this disease. The majority women are diagnosed because they have symptoms. You may have a physical analysis and some blood tests. You may have one or more of the following tests in addition:

  • Pelvic exam:

    doctor can check your uterus, vagina, and nearby tissues for any lumps or changes in form or size.

  • Ultrasound:

    The sound waves make a pattern of echoes as they spring back organs inside the pelvis. The echoes build a image of your uterus and close by tissues. The image can depict a uterine tumor.

  • Biopsy:

    The removal of a tissue to look for cancer cells is a biopsy. A slim tube is inserted through the vagina into the uterus.

Most of the times endometrial cancer is diagnosed when a woman having symptoms has an endometrial biopsy or D&C. Ultrasound, CT scan, and some more tests may be done to look for signs that the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or tissues outside the uterus. Even when these tests prove no signs of cancer increase, surgery is required to fully stage the cancer. Treatment choices consist of:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Vaginal brachytherapy
  • External beam radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

If endometrial cancer diagnosed in its early stages, it can be cured with surgery and close follow-up. Treatment options depend on where the cancer is and how much it has developed.