Alcoholism or addiction to alcohol may be caused due to many factors. Some people resort to alcohol to handle low self-esteem or other problems in their life. Some people suffering from mental disorder or other addictions are also more prone to alcohol abuse and ultimately become victims of alcoholism. It may start with just one time experiment and may lead to excessive consumption of alcohol. As patients start using excessive alcohol, the body develops a dependence on alcohol and this dependence increases with increased addiction to alcohol. Physical dependence on alcohol forces an alcoholic to have more and more alcohol and its frequency also increases. Family history of alcoholism, higher alcohol tolerance, peer pressure, easy access to alcohol and physical and mental problems are other factors leading to alcoholism.

How Excessive Alcohol Use Affects Life?

Alcohol use in excessive amount adversely affects the addict physically, mentally and socially.

Effects on Brain

Excessive use of alcohol could slow down some of brain functions causing many problems. Due to this some patients may suffer from slurred speech, distorted vision or loss of balance and limb control. These effects are short term in nature and with prolonged use of alcohol their duration could increase or they even become permanent impairment. Other important adverse effect is that hangover due to alcohol could lead to depression and this will lead to further drinking and the addict gets trapped in vicious circle of alcoholism.

Other Physical Effects

Alcoholics are at higher risk of developing high blood pressure, cardiac problems, stroke and heart attacks. Some addicts may also suffer short-term memory loss, hangovers and blackouts. Excessive drinking could cause a bunch of physical problems such as stomach problems, heart problems, cancer, and serious memory loss, brain damage, liver problems and impotence. Medical conditions such as diabetes, heart problems, liver problems and others may worsen due to use of alcohol.

Mental Problems

If an addict is already suffering from depression or schizophrenia, his condition may worsen with excessive use of alcohol. Alcoholics are also at risk of developing serious memory loss, depression or anxiety. They may also develop suicidal thoughts. Medicines that slow down the central nervous system, such as, sleeping pills, anti-psychotics, antihistamines, antidepressants, anti-anxiety medication, and some painkillers can worsen the condition if taken by an alcoholic as alcohol also slows down the nervous system.