A group of cancer originating in the in the upper digestive tract, i.e., lip, sinuses, larynx, pharynx, mouth and nasal cavity, are generally clubbed together and collectively called head and neck cancers. A majority of cancers originating in head or neck area have the tendency of spreading to other parts and can prove to be fatal if not treated at an early stage. The head and neck cancer is curable if detected at an early age, with appropriate diagnosis and treatment. A majority of head and neck cancers are linked to Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) which occur in the mucosal surfaces throughout the head and neck region. This type of head and neck cancer includes tumors in mouth, pharynx, larynx and nasal cavities.

Treatment for head and neck cancers varies based on the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed and the treatment can be through surgery or radiation therapy as decided by the oncologist. Cancer in oral cavity can be treated typically with a surgery by partial or complete removal and the imperfection of the part can be treated by replacement of skin from other parts of the body or by use of prosthesis. The radiation therapy and chemotherapy are also considered for treating patients mostly when directed by the physician. Though radiation therapy and chemotherapy are considered to be reliable cure for cancer they do have side effects and patients are known to recover completely in due course after the therapy sessions.

When patients come with some of the well known symptoms, the doctors needs the patient to undergo needle biopsy for collecting and analysis of lumps and masses just under the skin. Here, a hollow needle collects a sample from the mass or lump and it is then tested in a lab to examine if the sample contains malignant cells or not. After obtaining a histopathology report, a detailed discussion is carried out between radiation, medical and surgical oncologists to determine the best treatment for head and neck cancer patient. Throat cancers are differentiated based on the cell structure and it is commonly referred to the location in the mouth or neck area.

Summary: The timely diagnosis, identification of type and the treatment envisaged for the cancer can go a long way in helping the patient recover on time and lead a healthy life. Surgical, radiation and medical oncologists come together to present the best solution for the patient after study of histopathology reports.

Causes And Symptoms Of Head And Neck Cancer