Diabetes Mellitus, (or simply Diabetes) is a metabolic disease in which sugar levels in the blood increase, as a result of the body not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body do not respond correctly the insulin that is produced.  Medical Reports released in 2010 show that an estimated 285 million people worldwide suffer from Diabetes, type 2 diabetes accounting for more than 90% of those numbers.

Diabetes is a chronic condition that can be controlled through healthy lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise as well as with the medications ranging from pills to insulin injections. While scientist and researchers are actively looking for a cure, to date, no cure exists.

The human body needs specific levels of blood sugar or glucose, which is regulated and maintained by hormones called insulin and glucagon. Insulin breaks, or converts, the blood sugar into energy which is required for normal metabolic activities. Improper production or release of insulin causes blood sugar to rise, which in turn can result in a number of complications.

Diabetes is classified into four types – Type 1, Type 2, Gestational and “Other Specific Types”.

Type 1 Diabetes:

  • In this case, the pancreas either does not produce any or not enough insulin.
  • Type 1 Diabetics would be required to inject insulin or to wear an insulin pump.
  • Previously, Type 1 Diabetes was referred to as ‘Juvenile Diabetes’ or ‘Insulin-Dependent Diabetes’.
  • Studies show that Type 1 Diabetes is typically inherited but it can also be triggered by certain infections.

Type 1 Diabetes Occurrence and Detection

Type 1 diabetes is usually detected at an early age, and constitutes about 10 percent of the total patients suffering diabetes. In most cases there is an early imbalance of insulin production, which is usually genetically inherited. Patients are required to inject insulin manually or have an insulin pump, these are used to regulate the blood sugar levels.

Type 1 diabetes can also occur among older people if, through accident or illness, sufficient damage is caused to the pancreas – or more specifically to the pancreatic cells that are responsible for producing insulin.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes can show at a very early age and include (but are not limited to: polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (excessive thirst), changes in eyesight, Extreme tiredness, Sudden weight loss, Poor wound healing, More prone to infections, Restlessness and Uneasiness and  Diabetic Ketoacidosis. To learn more about the symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes click here to
Type 2 Diabetes:

  • In this case, it is the cells that aren’t responding properly to the insulin produced in the pancreas.
  • Type 2 Diabetes is more prevalent in patients than Type 1. Studies shows that 9 out of every 10 diabetics are of the Type 2 classification.
  • Previously, Type 2 Diabetes was referred to as ‘Insulin Resistant Diabetes’
  • Studies show that Type 2 Diabetes is typically the result of either genetics and/or lifestyle habits of the patients.