Diabetes Mellitus, (or simply Diabetes) is a metabolic disease in which sugar levels in the blood increase, as a result of the Diabetes Productsbody not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body do not respond correctly the insulin that is produced.  Medical Reports released in 2010 show that an estimated 285 million people worldwide suffer from Diabetes, type 2 diabetes accounting for more than 90% of those numbers.

Diabetes is a chronic condition that can be controlled through healthy lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise as well as with the medications ranging from pills to insulin injections. While scientist and researchers are actively looking for a cure, to date, no cure exists.

The human body needs specific levels of blood sugar or glucose, which is regulated and maintained by hormones called insulin and glucagon. Insulin breaks, or converts, the blood sugar into energy which is required fDiabetes Chartsor normal metabolic activities. Improper production or release of insulin causes blood sugar to rise, which in turn can result in a number of complications.

Diabetes is classified into four types – Type 1, Type 2, Gestational and Diabetes News“Other Specific Types”.

Type 1 Diabetes:

  • In this case, the pancreas either does not produce any or not enough insulin.
  • Type 1 Diabetics would be required to inject insulin or to wear an insulin pump.
  • Previously, Type 1 Diabetes was referred to as ‘Juvenile Diabetes’ or ‘Insulin-Dependent Diabetes’.
  • Studies show that Type 1 Diabetes is typically inherited but it can also be triggered by certain infections.

Type 1 Diabetes Occurrence and Detection

Type 1 diabetes is usually detected at an early age, and constitutes about 10 percent of the total patients suffering diabetes. In most cases there is an early imbalance of insulin production, which is usually genetically inherited. Patients are required to inject insulin manually or have an insulin pump, these are used to regulate the blood sugar levels.Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes can also occur among older people if, through accident or illness, sufficient damage is caused to the pancreas – or more specifically to the pancreatic cells that are responsible for producing insulin.

Symptoms of Type I Diabetes:

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes can show at a very early age and include (but are not limited to: polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (excessive thirst), changes in eyesight, Extreme tiredness, Sudden weight loss, Poor wound healing, More prone to infections, Restlessness and Uneasiness and  Diabetic Ketoacidosis. To learn more about the symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes click here to Read More
Type 2 Diabetes:

  • In this case, it is the cells that aren’t responding properly to the insulin produced in the pancreas.
  • Type 2 Diabetes is more prevalent in patients than Type 1. Studies shows that 9 out of every 10 diabetics are of the Type 2 classification.
  • Previously, Type 2 Diabetes was referred to as ‘Insulin Resistant Diabetes’
  • Studies show that Type 2 Diabetes is typically the result of either genetics and/or lifestyle habits of the patients.

 

Type 2 Diabetes Occurrence and Detection

Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent and occurs in about 90 percent of all diabetics. The disease is usually detected in adults and the aging. In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas secretes the right amounts of insulin, however, the cells in the body do not respond to the insulin in the correct way. This, in turn, causes then pancreas to create and secrete more insulin. The cycle continues, however, the body has become insulin resistant and therefor creates the need for medications to control blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of Type II Diabetes:

Symptoms of Type II Diabetes typically begin to show in adults and the aging, and include (but are not limited to: polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (excessive thirst), changes in eyesight, Extreme tiredness, Sudden weight loss, Poor wound healing, More prone to infections, Restlessness and Uneasiness and  Diabetic Ketoacidosis. To learn more about the symptoms of Type II Diabetes click here to  Read More

 

Gestational Diabetes:

  • In this case, the onset of diabetes occurs in 2-5% of pregnant women and may either improve or disappear after delivery.
  • Later in life, 20-50% of affected women will develop Type 2 Diabetes
  • If left untreated, Gestational Diabetes can adversely affect the health of both the mother and of her unborn child. Gestational Diabetes is fully treatable.

Other Specific Types

  • Includes other diabetes classifications such as Pre-Diabetes and Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults.

As yet, there is no cure for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. It’s important for patients to work with their medical professional to control the disease.

Diabetes Complications 

In diabetic patients there is a greater risk of blood vessel damage, which makes diabetics vulnerable to heart strokes and other heart related problems. Medical reports show that diabetes doubles the risk factors for heart strokes. Diabetes can also affect the eyesight as smaller blood vessels to retina can rupture. Diabetics also run a greater risk of developing kidney related problems. Other complications can include:

  • Retina Damage
  • Kidney Failure
  • Wounds, Ulcers, Amputations
  • Heart Strokes
  • Infections
  • Hypoglycemia (Low Sugar Level in Blood)

Diabetes Symptoms

  • Feeling tired, fatigue.
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive urination
  • Slow Healing
  • Infections
  • Blurry Vision

Symptoms of Type I Diabetes:

Signs and symptoms of both type of Diabetes are mostly similar as in both the state sugar level in blood is significantly high. Symptoms of Type I Diabetes are more pronounced and suddenly start showing…Read More

Symptoms of Type II Diabetes:

Type II diabetes may remain undiagnosed for a long time. A person may not be aware for years that he has type 2 diabetes, as symptoms may not be quite pronounced. A patient with type 2 diabetes has greater risk of developing hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome…Read More

Diabetes Monitoring

There are many devices to monitor blood glucose levels. Here is a partial list of some of glucose monitoring devices: Blood Glucose Meters, Fingerstick Devices, Reusable Devices, Single-use, auto-disabling Fingerstick Devices, Continuous Glucose Monitoring… Read More

Diabetes Hb1Ac Test

A blood test done in a laboratory, the HbA1c test measures the level of diabetic control for the preceding two to three months. The HbA1c test is used by physicians as both a way to diagnose the disease and to monitor the long term blood glucose levels so that insulin doses can be adjusted as needed. Because diet, exercise and the level of insulin in the blood affects blood sugar levels, the regular monitoring of long term averages of blood glucose is beneficial to patients and physicians.

Typically, the HbA1c blood test is administered every 3-4 months. In non-diabetics, the HbA1c level is normal if found in a range of 4.0% to 6.0%. For diabetics, an HbA1c level under 6.5% shows that the patient has good glycemic control. For more information on the HbA1c test, click here to  Read More

Diabetes Alert

It is important that all diabetics take proper care of themselves and work closely with their health care professional. Diabetics need to be on the alert and perform or watch out for all of the following:

  • Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.
  • Stay away from contamination that can cause infections.
  • Take proper care of any cuts, bruises or wounds, especially if they happen to be on feet.
  • Seek medical attention in case fever above 101 F persists.
  • Call a doctor if you experience severe chest or abdominal pain, doziness or vomiting.

 

Drugs That Can Cause Diabetes Related Side Effects