The method of treatment for a drug addict varies and is more effective by being case specific. Often the root causes of addiction or any deviation from normal healthy living conditions are more related to individual persona. There are different methods or approaches to provide psychological help to an addict for his complete recovery. Cognitive method or approach is one of them, which is generally used for treatment of drug addiction.

Cognitive therapy

This approach is used for treatment of drug addiction where the root cause is psychological such as depression. This approach assumes that people who are addicts or depressed see themselves and the world in a negative manner. There thought process gets distorted and they reside to overgeneralization. They think anything to be entirely good or entirely bad. They develop selective perception and focus only on negative events. This method helps the addict to recognize the behaviour and help him adopt the changes required. The therapist helps the client to get over his or her problem through changes in maladaptive cognitive behaviors.

Cognitive Models of Addiction Recovery

There are different models of cognitive method of addiction recovery.

Relapse Prevention

This model focuses on Relapse Prevention. It counts four psychological processes which play important role in addiction and relapse. They are self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, attributions of causality, and decision-making processes. Self-efficacy is the ability of the addict to handle high risk situations for relapse. Outcome expectancies are expectations of the addict with the drug abuse process. If he has highly negative expectations, then risk of relapse is low. Attributions of causality are the way in which the addict sees his relapse. Decision-making processes guide the addict’s behaviour in relapse. Therapists try to help addicts to recognize behavioural patterns of these factors and help in changing them for recovery of the addict.

Cognitive Therapy of Substance Abuse

This therapy assumes that the addict has negative feeling about himself or the world. He feels lonely and undesirable. This belief leads him to addictive substances by justifying them to be object of relief. This triggers craving for addictive drugs or other substances and leads to addiction. The cognitive therapist tries to make addict aware of falsehood of these beliefs. Therapist helps to analyse them and prove their dysfunction.

Emotion Regulation

Emotional Regulation is being seen as one of the better therapies for helping an addict to recover from drug or substance abuse. This theory believes an addict resort to drugs to avoid the undesirable effects of withdrawal symptoms negative moods. The addict uses drug addiction as a healing activity for relaxation and solace. Therapists encourage addicts to identify and recognize their negative emotional states. Once they get familiar with their negative emotions, they are urged to prevent the impulsive or compulsive resort to drugs. They are helped to develop handling abilities for addiction problems.

 

Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET)

This model has been formed on the basis that many problems result due to irrational thinking. This therapy helps the client to be aware of his irrational thinking. Other step is to reduce their feelings of anxiety in stressful situations and ultimately helps to develop problem solving skills. This helps the addict to get rid of his addictive behavior.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

This therapy combines both cognitive and behaviour therapy approach to drug rehabilitation. It combines both the theory and practises of these therapies. It is believed to be more efficient and effective in helping drug addicts.