The colon is a vital part of the digestive system, and its main task is in helping the body take up nutrients, water, and minerals. In the majority cases, it’s not comprehensible what causes colon tumor. Doctors and medical researchers know that colon cancer occurs when healthy cells in the colon start to alter. Healthy cells nurture and split in a methodical manner to maintain normal functions of the body. But at times this multiplication of cells becomes uncontrollable — cells go on multiplying even when new cells aren’t required. Risk factors of

Colon cancer

are many. Some of them are as follows:

  • Age:

    People who are more than 50 years of age are usually in the high risk zone.

  • Diet:

    Diets high in fat and cholesterol (in particular from animal sources) have been identified to be a major cause of colon cancer. Low-fiber diets have also been linked with bigger risk, but the study and researches don’t substantiate this point to a great extent.

  • Genetics:

    Researchers estimate that approximately about 25% of colon cancer cases have some heritable connection. Examples of the most frequent genetic causes of colon cancer consist of mutations leading to FAP and HNPCC.

  • Obesity:

    Obesity has been recognized to be a major risk factor of colon cancer.

  • Diabetes: 

    People with diabetes and insulin resistance may have an amplified risk of developing colon cancer.

  • Alcohol:

    Excess use of alcohol may amplify your risk of colon cancer.

  • Radiation therapy for cancer:

    Radiation treatment directed at the stomach to take care of previous cancers may add to the risk of colon cancer.

Other factors include smoking, personal medical history, inflammatory bowel disease, lack of exercise. Colon cancer can have many symptoms. Nevertheless, in the early stages, patients of colon cancer show no symptoms at all. This is why regular screening beginning at the age of 50 years is a significant investment for your healthy future.

  • All rectal bleeding to hemorrhoids prevent premature identification of colon cancer owing to lack of apprehensions over “bleeding hemorrhoids.”
  • Rectal bleeding may be unseen and persistent and may turn up as iron deficiency anemia.
  • It may be connected with low energy and light pale skin.
  • It typically, but not always, can be identified through a hidden blood test, in which samples of stool are tested in a lab for detecting blood.