Bladder cancer is the type of cancer that occurs in the tissues of bladder. Bladder is an organ which functions in order to store urine that is secreted from kidneys. This type of cancer has more than one state in which it develops and following list will give you an overview of that:

  • Carcinoma in Situ:

    It is a type of cancer whose potential of developing bladder cancer is quite confusing. One can detect it along the bladder wall as a red flat area. If a person is detected with CIS in one area, it is considered that entire bladder is infected and not just that area.

  • Transitional Cell Carcinoma:

    Lamina Propria is an area between transitional cells and muscle fibers. As and when the abnormal cells continue to grow, the transitional cells tend to lose the ability to enter into lamina propria that is when TCC tumor occurs. It is the most common type of cancer.

  • Papillary Cancer:

    Papillary cancer is a form of early bladder cancer. These types of cancers can be detected as mushroom like growth or leaf shape.

  • Squamous Cell Cancer:

    This type of cancer starts from another type of cell in bladder lining. This type of cancer can easily spread through bilharzias or schistomiasis infection.

Treatment of bladder cell tumors has been flourishing and now researchers are trying to discover if less strong treatments will work just like extreme treatment alternatives. The kind of treatment given to a patient depends on lot of factors like type of cancer, stage of cancer and family history of a patient.

Treatment options include:

  • Surgery: The surgery is done to remove cancer cells through transurethral resection (TUR).
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is recommended when cancer cells are still present after surgery.
  • Radiation: High radiation rays are used in order to kill the cancer cells. Sometimes, doctors recommend radiation along with chemotherapy.
  • Biological therapy: There is another type of therapy which helps the immune system to guard body against cancer cells.

Identification of bladder cell tumor can be done through blood tests, biopsy, and cystoscopy or through imaging studies. At the time of cystoscopy, a tube known as cystoscope is inserted into patient’s giving a clear view of bladder and urethra to the doctor. Sometime, urine sample is also taken in order to analyze the cancer cells. Various types of imaging tests are done in which a dye is used in order to see a clearer view of uterus and bladder.