Avocado is known as an alligator pear which belongs to the flowering plant family Lauraceae.  The tree is native to central Mexico. They have a green skin and fleshy body which can be in the shape of pear, egg or spherical. The tree grows to a height of 20 m with alternative leaves on it. The leaves and seeds of the tree are useful to make medicines.

It is an excellent source of healthy fats, which is unusually found in other fruits. It is considered as one of the healthiest foods on planet due to the presence of lots of nutrients.

Health benefits of Avocado

  • Avocado can be used to maintain a healthy heart.
  • It is useful to lower the cholesterol level.
  • They contain potassium and hence it helps to control the blood pressure.
  • The avocado contains anti-inflammatory properties which help to fight again inflammatory and degenerative disorders.
  • It is good for your ocular health, the presence of carotenoid lutein protects from age related macular degeneration and cataracts.
  • The presence of soluble fibers helps to maintain a normal blood sugar level.
  • It also helps in the prevention of birth defects such as spinal bifido and neural disorders due to presence of folic acid.
  • The folate also helps to reduce the risk of strokes.
  • The antioxidants help to fight against free radical in the body.
  • The antioxidants also help to improve the immune system, slow the aging process and boost a healthy nervous system.
  • It cures bad breath; the avocado cleanses the intestine which is the actual culprit for bad breath.
  • The avocado oil is good for skin care; also it helps to treat psoriasis and other disease which causes skin redness and irritation.
  • The avocado contains a good amount of healthy calorie, which can be used by people to gain weight.
  • Studies have shown that avocado can help to prevent breast cancer and also the growth of prostate cancer.

Nutrition Facts of Avocado

  • They are high in calories, 100gm of avocado contains 200 calories whereas other fruit contains only 60-80 calorie. But these fats are monounsaturated fats, which comes under the category of healthy fats.
  • Avocados are high in fiber, 75% insoluble fiber and 25% soluble fiber.
  • It contains antioxidant such as lutein and zeaxanthin, which helps in maintaining eye health.
  • They are rich in vitamins like Vitamin K, Vitamin E, Vitamin C and Vitamin B. The vitamin K helps in proper blood clotting and bone health. Vitamin B helps to maintain a healthy nervous system and metabolic functions. Similarly Vitamin E and C helps to build a strong immune system.
  • They are rich in minerals such as potassium, magnesium, calcium and copper all of which plays a vital role in nutrition.

Tips and Warnings

  • The best place to store ripe avocado is in the refrigerator vegetable basket for at least 10 days. Do not store unripe avocado in refrigerator.
  • Replace yogurt or milk in a smoothie with avocado puree, it will provide more nutrition to your smoothie.

People having latex allergy should stay away from avocado.