Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most common forms of dementia. It is a progressive neurological disorder of the brain that causes the loss of cognitive abilities and irreversible loss. It badly affects the brain function and gradually weakens the reading, writing, thinking, hearing and speech of individuals with AD.

What Causes Alzheimer?

Alzheimer is believed to be caused by plaques and tangles, which are related to brain cell damage. Plaques (harmless protein) create obstructions in brain tissue that affect the neuron function. Tangles are basically called twisting of brain tissues. The disease manifests due to aging. The signs of Alzheimer are noticed in the people aged 60 and above. Though, the disease can affect at the early age, but the ratio is very low. Family history of Alzheimer also increases the risk of the disease.

What are Symptoms of Alzheimer?

According to neurologists, Alzheimer is tricky to diagnose as there are several signs of the disease and each patient has unique signs and symptoms.

  • One of the most common signs of Alzheimer is memory loss such as forgetting important dates or events; asking the same information again and again; starting to rely on memory aides. Some patients forget events and then recall it at a later stage.
  • They find it hard to complete daily chores such as driving, locating places and managing office and house chores.
  • Start having confusion in dates, seasons, times and events.
  • Vision problems such as difficulty in reading, recognizing things and determining colours can be possible signs of Alzheimer.
  • Conversation problem and difficulty in writing are also associated with Alzheimer.
  • Persons with the disease misplace things and are unable to trace causing irritation.
  • Losing decision-making ability is also seen as an early sign in Alzheimer.
  • Start disconnecting themselves from social dos.
  • Frustration and anxiety are also symptoms of affected persons with Alzheimer.

Preventing Alzheimer with Some Proactive Measures:

Though Alzheimer is irreversible chemical change, still, there are some proactive measures that could help people reduce the degree and intensity of the diseases, some of those common tips are:

  • Always go for organic and healthy food
  • Take fruit juice regularly particularly Apple juice
  • Take fresh vegetable juice regularly
  • Include fruit and vegetable salads in your diet
  • Learn to speak two languages, this is a kind of mental exercise that keeps brain healthy, and could alleviate memory loss due to Alzheimer’s
  • Learn a musical instrument. This gives people new mental challenges and helps them do mental exercise
  • Do your calculations without any calculator, pen or pencil
  • Memorize lists
  • Do regular exercise

Medical Treatment for Alzheimer

Treating Alzheimer depends on the patient’s age, medical history and health. The patient’s tolerance for specific therapies and medicines are also considered. Though, there aren’t any effective treatments for the disease, but some medicines can reduce the signs of Alzheimer. Such patients need caregiver to take care of their health. Medicines like Aricept, Cognex and Exelon helps curb the memory loss. Namenda is clinically approved medicine for treating both moderate and severe Alzheimer.

Since, Alzheimer is a disease that not only affects the body but it also has a huge impact on our social behaviour and quality of life, it is important to diagnose it correctly right at the beginning. Experts are of the opinion that proper medication right at the initial phase could slow down the pace at which it spreads and proliferates.