Alcoholism is one of the most dreaded addictions. It is not easy to get rid of it. Its treatment may involve medication as well as psychological therapies. For treatment of alcoholism many treatment programs and methods are used. These programs comprise of detoxification, medicines and various psychological or behavioral therapies. The most important thing for the treatment is that alcoholic desires to be treated or get rid of alcoholism. Though some patients are forced by others for treatment, voluntarily opting for treatment proves more beneficial in quicker recovery of the alcoholic. It also helps in prevention of relapse episodes.

Every alcoholic needs a different treatment based on his degree of addiction and consumption patterns. Normally, every alcoholic suffers from withdrawal symptoms, once he quits the alcohol. The symptoms may be mild or severe depending on the extent of drinking and degree of dependency on alcohol. Alcoholics, who are heavy drinkers and have been consuming for a long time need immediate medical help while they decide to quit drinking.

One of the treatment methods for alcoholism is detoxification. Detoxification or Detox work by eliminating alcohol from the body especially from blood and liver. The elimination is done through the kidneys, intestines, lungs, lymph and skin. Detoxification or Detox needs follow up treatments for full recovery of the alcoholic. Only detoxification is not a complete treatment. In fact, it is a part of a comprehensive program of treatment. Some patients may go for self-help after detoxification or medicinal treatment. But it’s not easy to self-care at home. There are many things, which should be taken into consideration while going for treatment .

Few things to remember while going for treatment for alcoholism are as follows:

  • Addict needs to learn ways to control the craving for alcohol consumption. He also requires learning better ways to handle and manage cravings for alcohol. He must also learn to avoid triggers of alcohol use.
  • Other important thing is that the alcoholic needs to resist the social pressure for drinking. He must learn how to say no, when alcohol is offered while socializing.
  • Next important thing is to bring about a positive change in life style and health care. He must develop hygienic and healthy habits related to food, sleep and his environment. He should avoid friends related to his old drinking habit. Places, events and people associated with drinking habits should be avoided to prevent relapses.
  • Avoiding thoughts that provoke drinking also helps. An alcoholic may indulge in recreational activities to get rid of thoughts related to drinking.
  • A recovering alcoholic must build a recovery support system by involving his confident friends and family members. They may prove beneficial in controlling his urges and will also be helpful, when alcoholic want to vent out his feelings associated with drinking.
  • Learning to ask for help is also important. Most alcoholics do not ask for help if they develop desire for alcohol while recovering from alcoholism. Asking for help may help in curbing out cravings and may also prove beneficial if medical help is needed.
  • Developing better handling techniques for negative emotions such as anger, anxiety, boredom, depression and stress could also help in decreasing reliance on alcohol.
  • An alcoholic needs to identify warning signs of relapses. It may help in better management of relapse signals such as cravings, so that alcoholic could avoid falling in trap of alcoholism again.
  • An alcoholic relying on self-help should have a correct anticipation of the possibility of relapse and had a good mechanism to prevent relapse episodes.
  • It is difficult to get rid of alcoholism. Alcoholics who fail to have proper follow up and help after detoxification are at higher risk of relapses. Relapses may occur due to lack of knowledge about addiction and relapse prevention.
  • People who are high at negative emotions such as frustration and anger are more likely to fall prey of relapses.
  • Having a history of cravings and other withdrawal symptoms could also trigger relapse, while an alcoholic is trying to recover through self-help.
  • If an alcoholic has a higher level of alcohol consumption before going for treatment, he may have strong cravings and there is higher risk of relapses.
  • If an alcoholic let himself easily fall for relapses without even trying to prevent it, it will be very difficult to treat him.